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Bank shares rise on back of strong quarterly results

Net profit from loans helps KB Kookmin swing from a loss

Apr 22,2017
Bank shares have been rising on the back of better-than-expected first-quarter performances.

On Friday, KB Financial Group reported its highest quarterly net profit, closing in on Shinhan Financial Group, which still holds the largest net profit among banks in Seoul.

According to KB Financial Group, its net profit reached 870.1 billion won ($766 million) between January and March. This is nearly double the 453.9 billion won net profit recorded in the last three months of 2016. It also was a 60 percent increase compared to a year ago. The net profit was even higher than the market consensus of 610 billion won.

The banking group’s profit increased largely on the back of higher net-interest-margin, a difference between the interest that the bank gives to its deposit holders and the interest that it earns from loans.

The financial group’s NIM when compared to the previous quarter was 0.06 percentage points higher at 1.95 percent while that of KB Kookmin Bank, the main affiliate of the financial group, rose 0.05 percentage points to 1.66 percent.

As a result, the banking group’s net profit made from interest was nearly 1.73 trillion won, a 14.6 percent year-on-year increase.

In fact, the gains have helped KB Kookmin Bank turn around its net profit, from a 200 billion won loss in the final quarter to 663.4 billion won net profit in the first.

Notably, KB Financial Group saw increases in profit in nonbanking commission contribute mostly in the first quarter. These figures include commission from selling funds as well as stocks. Profit from those earnings amounted to 520.6 billion won and was up 41.4 percent.

The merger with Hyundai Securities last year helped the financial group diversify its portfolio.

According to the financial group, during the fourth quarter last year it sold roughly 250 billion won in equity-linked securities (ELS). The figure tripled in the first quarter to 600 billion won.

“KB Financial Group strategy, in enhancing the stability and growth of profits by diversifying profit structure through strengthening its’ nonbanking unit, is considered an appropriate move at a time of low-interest rates and low growth,” said Heather Kang, a Mirae Asset Daewoo analyst. “[The financial group] is in the process of spinning off its nonlife insurance and capital businesses as a separate affiliate, which will also contribute to improve the shareholders value.”

The brokerage firm raised KB Financial Group’s net profit outlook 6.1 percent for this year.

Shinhan Financial is the most profitable banking group as its profit nears 1 trillion won. In the first quarter, net profit increased 29.3 percent compared to a year ago to 997.1 billion won. Even when compared to the previous quarter it grew 63 percent from 612.1 billion won. Shinhan’s net profit exceeded the market consensus of 679.7 billion won. One of the biggest contributors was the downsizing of the loss provision of its credit card affiliate. The Financial Supervisory Services approved Shinhan Card to stack up its loss provision to the same level as other banking groups, shrinking 360 billion won.

As a result, the net profit of the nonbanking unit of the banking group contributed to the overall Shinhan Financial Group’s net profit rise from 29.5 percent in the first quarter of last year to 48.2 percent in the first quarter. The net profit from its interest business was nearly 1.9 trillion won. Profit from its interest has exceeded 1.8 trillion won for three consecutive quarters.


BY LEE HO-JEONG [lee.hojeong@joongang.co.kr]


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