U.S. pressing China to back U.N. punishment for N. Korea: source
The United States is pressing China to support a new round of U.N. sanctions against North Korea's defiant launch of a long-range rocket last week, a Seoul diplomatic source said Tuesday, while Beijing shows no signs of endorsing a tougher U.N. response to Pyongyang.
North Korea's Dec. 12 rocket launch drew swift condemnation from the U.N. Security Council, which has pledged to take an "appropriate action" against North Korea for violating U.N. prohibitions that ban the North from carrying out any long-range missile development.
South Korea and the U.S. are asking the Security Council to adopt a tougher punishment in the form of a resolution, rather than a non-binding measure known as a presidential statement, against North Korea. But, it is unclear whether China, a veto-wielding Security Council member, will back any new sanctions against the North.
"The U.S. has a strong willingness to get the Security Council to adopt a resolution against North Korea's rocket launch even though discussions at the council are delayed until January," said the diplomatic source with direct knowledge of U.N. discussions about the issue.
"The U.S. is also sending a message to China that it will have no choice but to beef up its military readiness against North Korea's threats unless a resolution is adopted at the U.N. Security Council," the source said on the condition of anonymity.
China, which has a track record of hindering tougher U.N. measures against North Korea, expressed "regret" over the North's launch, but said any U.N. response to Pyongyang should be "prudent."
On Monday, senior diplomats of South Korea and China also met in Beijing and discussed about a possible U.N. response to North Korea, but the Chinese side reiterated its resistance, another diplomatic source in Seoul said.
Kim Bong-hyun, Seoul's deputy minister for multilateral and global affairs, held talks with China's Assistant Foreign Minister Ma Zhaoxu, but there was no official announcement on the results of the Kim-Ma talks.
"The Chinese side repeated its stance that it wants to keep peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula," the source said, referring to China's response at the Monday talks in Beijing.
North Korea is already under U.N. sanctions imposed after its previous nuclear and missile tests.
The Security Council imposed its last round of sanctions in 2009 after North Korea conducted its second nuclear test.
Last week's successful launch of a long-range rocket, which followed a failed launch attempt in April, is expected to help North Korea's young leader Kim Jong-il assert himself as Pyongyang marked the first anniversary of the death of Kim's father, Kim Jong-il, this week, analysts said. (Yonhap)