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뉴딜의 ‘머리’라면 단연 최측근 참모였던 해리 홉킨스 특별보좌관이다. 뉴딜의 기획자인 그는 당시 실업자의 90%를 구제하는 밑그림을 그렸다. 깔끔한 일 처리에다 두터운 신임으로 제2차 세계대전 설거지까지 도맡았다. 사실상 권력 서열 2위였다. 그러나 홉킨스는 골수 사회주의자였다. 직접 스탈린과 접촉할 정도였다. 그의 사후 KGB 비밀문서가 공개되면서 소련의 첩자라는 의혹이 불거졌다.


내가 한 영작
Harry Hopkins ⓐhas been among Roosevelt’s closest aides and ⓑhas been instrumental as one of the architects of the New Deal. He later shouldered the responsibilities of cleaning up the mess after the Second World War. However, Hopkins was ⓒa communist to the core. After his death, a controversy surfaced over claims that he might ⓓbe a spy of ⓔSoviet Union.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
Harry Hopkins was among Roosevelt’s closest aides and was instrumental as one of the architects of the New Deal. He later shouldered the responsibilities of cleaning up the mess after the Second World War. However, Hopkins was suspected of communist leanings. After his death, controversy surfaced over claims that he might have spied for the Soviet Union.

Writing Tip
ⓐⓑ has been → was 과거의 사건을 서술하고 있으므로 과거시제로 수정
ⓒ a communist to the core →suspected of communist leanings 영어 문맥에 자연스러운 표현으로 수정
ⓓ be a spy of → have spied for 과거에 어떠한 사건을 했을지도 모른다는 추측의 의미가 있으므로 ‘might have p.p’형으로 수정
ⓔ Soviet Union → the Soviet Union 특정 지형이나 나라들이 모여 산,섬,국가 등을 이루는 경우 이름 앞에 the를 붙임

뉴딜의 ‘왼팔’은 헨리 모겐소 재무장관이다. 그는 뉴욕주 최대의 농장주였다. 이웃 농장의 루스벨트와 오랜 친분을 쌓았다. 코넬대 출신인 그는 고전경제학에 심취했다. 케인스 경제학에는 사사건건 반대했다. 그래서 애당초 뉴딜정책을 못마땅해했다. 그러나 재무장관에 오르면서 싹 달라졌다. 집무실 책상에 ‘경제 회생!’이란 문구를 붙여 놓고 공공 투자 확대에 최선을 다했다. 11년간 뉴딜에 필요한 방대한 예산을 무리 없이 조달했다. 모겐소는 미 역사상 최고의 재무장관으로 기억된다.


내가 한 영작
Henry Morgenthau was considered the “left wing” of the New Deal. He was a Cornell University graduate and an enthusiastic admirer of classical economics. He ⓐwas against Keynesian economics at every step, and was dissatisfied with the New Deal from the outset. However, he ⓑhas undergone a change of heart after being appointed Secretary of the Treasury. ⓒA sign on his desk read “Economic recovery!” and he spared no efforts to expand public investment. He secured the vast budget required for the New Deal for 11 years. Morgenthau would be regarded by far as the best ⓓsecretary Treasury at this moment in history.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
Henry Morgenthau was considered the “left wing” of the New Deal. He was a Cornell University graduate and an enthusiastic admirer of classical economics. He opposed Keynesian economics at every step, and was dissatisfied with the New Deal from the outset. However, he underwent a change of heart after being appointed Secretary of the Treasury. The sign on his desk read “Economic recovery!” and he spared no efforts to expand public investment. He secured the vast budget required for the New Deal for 11 years. Morgenthau would be regarded by far as the best Treasury secretary at this moment in history.

Writing Tip
ⓐ was against → opposed 반대한다는 의미를 보다 명확히 전달하기 위해 oppose로 수정
ⓑ has undergone → underwent 과거의 사건을 서술하고 있으므로 과거시제로 수정
ⓒ A sign → The sign 이미 잘 알려져있는 문구를 나타내고 있으므로 정관사 the로 수정
ⓓ secretary Treasury → Treasury secretary 영어에 자연스러운 어순으로 수정
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