Repent, ye carbon emitters
An indulgence for the modern era has emerged, and this one ostensibly forgives the sin of carbon dioxide emission. The so-called carbon-offset system demands investment in environmentally friendly projects to compensate for the excessive emission of carbon dioxide. They are mainly bought by people who travel on airplanes, which emit more carbon gases than other forms of transportation. In addition to airfare, they pay $10 to $40 more for apparently contributing to planting trees in Africa and constructing hydroelectric power plants in Brazil. Thanks to the demand spurred by people’s desire to rid themselves of a guilty conscience, the amount earned from the carbon-offset system worldwide has reached a couple million dollars.
But there are strong criticisms of the system, which is also known as carbon credit or cap and trade. As the indulgence in the Middle Ages allowed people to commit crimes and still have peace of mind, the carbon-offset system also encourages people to travel more frequently and consume more.
Environmental specialists point out that emissions trading, which has been partly regulated since 2005 by the Kyoto Protocol, simply exacerbates global warming.
They say that the system, which allows countries that have exceeded their limit of greenhouse gas emissions to buy the right to emit from countries that have not crossed the limit, only results in indulging the countries that consume more and emit more, and that the effect of gas reduction is meager.
James Hansen, a climatologist at NASA in the U.S., lamented to the Times of London, “They are selling indulgences there. The developed nations want to continue basically business as usual so they are expected to purchase indulgences to give some small amount of money to developing countries. They do that in the form of offsets and adaptation funds.”
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, which includes the 15th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, opened its plenary session in Copenhagen on Monday.
I sincerely hope that discussion on complementary measures on the problems pointed out so far will be taken as seriously as the expansion of emissions trading. Even if excessive gas emissions are masked by the indulgence of cap and trade, the earth will take its revenge though a climatic catastrophe.
The writer is an editorial writer of the JoongAng Ilbo.
By Shin Ye-ri