이타적인간

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이타적인간

10만원을 독식할 수 있는데도 평균 2만5000원을 양보했다. 자기 잇속에 충실한 ‘호모 에코노미쿠스’를 주창해온 경제학계가 발칵 뒤집혔다. “우리가 틀렸다. 인간은 이타적으로 태어났다”는 굴욕적 선언을 해야 할 참에 존 리스트 시카고대 교수(경제학)가 나섰다.


내가 한 영작
Although they could keep the whole sum ⓐalone, ⓑthey would give away ⓒ25000won on average to the others. Economists testing the claim that human beings act as “homo economics,” those who act only in their own self-interest, were greatly intrigued by the ⓓresearch result.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
Although they could keep the whole sum for themselves, most would give away an average of 25,000 won to others. Economists testing the claim that human beings act as “homo economics,” those who act only in their own self-interest, were greatly intrigued by the result of this research.

Writing Tip
ⓐ alone → for themselves 그들 자신이 갖는 다는 의미의 재귀대명사 themselves를 쓰는 것이 올바른 표현. alone은 자기들끼리라는 의미로 보일 수 있음
ⓑ they → most 그들의 대부분이므로 most를 써줌
ⓒ 25000won on average → an average of 25,000 won ‘평균 얼마의’ 라는 an average of를 써서 나타내는 것이 더 바람직한 표현이 됨.
ⓓ research result → the result of this research. 명사 두 개를 이어서 쓰지 않고 of를 사용하여 연결해줌.



그렇다면 본래 이기적으로 태어난 사람들이 종종 이타주의를 실천하는 건 왜일까. ①유전자를 공유한 친족끼리니까 ②먼저 베푼 뒤 나중에 돌려받으려고 ③친절하다는 주위의 평판이 탐나서 ④이성에게 멋지게 보이기 위해. 그간 지적된 이유들이다. 하지만 요즘 바다 건너 아이티 지진 피해자들에게 앞다퉈 거액을 쾌척하는 이들에게 꼭 들어맞는 설명은 아니다. 까칠한 진화생물학자 리처드 도킨스는 ‘다윈주의적 실수’라고 주장했다.


내가 한 영작
First, it is because people share the same ⓐgene with their relatives. Second, they expect that after giving they will get something in return. Third, they hope to develop a positive reputation. Fourth, they want to ⓑshow off themselves to possible mates. These reasons alone, however, do not exactly explain why people donate ⓒbig amounts of aid from far away for the earthquake victims in Haiti. Richard Dawkins, a British popular science author focusing on evolution, has chalked this up to an evolutionary paradox. In ancient times when human ⓓbeing lived together with close relatives, they might have been altruistic by nature due to some or all of the reasons mentioned above.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
First, it is because people share the same genes with their relatives. Second, they expect that after giving they will get something in return. Third, they hope to develop a positive reputation. Fourth, they want to show themselves off to possible mates. These reasons alone, however, do not exactly explain why people donate large amounts of aid from far away for the earthquake victims in Haiti.
Richard Dawkins, a British popular science author focusing on evolution, has chalked this up to an evolutionary paradox. In ancient times when human beings lived together with close relatives, they might have been altruistic by nature due to some or all of the reasons mentioned above.

Writing Tip
ⓐ gene → genes 유전자 한 개가 아닌 여러 개를 공유한 것이므로 복수를 써줌.
ⓑ show off themselves → show themselves off 동사+부사로 이루어진 이어동사(two words verb)를 쓸 때 대명사는 반드시 이어동사의 가운데에 써야 함. 영어는 새로운 정보가 뒤에 나오는 경향이
ⓒ big amounts → large amounts big과 large 모두 크고, 양이 많고, 숫자가 많을 때 쓰이지만 large에는 평균 혹은 평소보다 많을 때라는 의미가 있으므로 large를 써줌.
ⓓ being → beings 사람들이 함께 사는 것이므로 복수를 써줌.
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