유감지진

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유감지진

한반도에서 기록상 최초의 지진은 서기 2년, 고구려 유리명왕 21년 8월이다. 이후 1905년 인천에 근대적인 지진계가 설치되기까지 삼국사기·고려사·조선왕조실록에 나타난 유감(有感) 지진이 1800회에 이른다. 가장 강력한 지진은 신라 혜공왕 15년(779)의 일이다. ‘경주에서 지진이 일어나 백성들 집이 무너지고 100여 명이 죽었다’고 삼국사기는 전한다. 조선왕조실록은 선조 30년(1597) ‘함경도에 8월 26일부터 28일까지 여덟 번이나 지진이 연속해 일어나 담벽이 흔들리고 새와 짐승들도 놀랐으며, 이로 인해 병들어 누워 일어나지 못한 이도 있었다’고 기록하고 있다. 숙종 7년(1680)에는 지진을 제때 보고하지 않은 관상감(觀象監)의 관원이 추국(推鞫)을 받기도 했다.


내가 한 영작
The first earthquake reported in the ancient history of the Korean Peninsula occurred in ⓐAD 2, in August of the 21st year of King Yuri of Goguryeo. According to Korean history books, ⓑUntil the first seismometer was installed in Incheon in 1905, nearly 1,800 earthquakes happened in Korea; they were felt by most people living here. The most destructive earthquake in Korean history occurred in A.D. 779 during the Silla Kingdom. At least 100 people died as homes collapsed when a massive earthquake hit the historic city of Gyeongju. The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty briefly mentions, “Eight consecutive earthquakes occurred in the Hamgyong ⓒprovince from Aug. 26 to 28, 1597. The walls quaked and collapsed, frightening birds and animals. Many people became sick in bed.” In 1680, a staff member of the National Weather Service was arraigned in criminal court for failing to make timely ⓓreport on earthquakes.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
The first earthquake reported in the ancient history of the Korean Peninsula occurred in A.D. 2, in August of the 21st year of King Yuri of Goguryeo. According to Korean history books, before the first seismometer was installed in Incheon in 1905, nearly 1,800 earthquakes happened in Korea; they were felt by most people living here. The most destructive earthquake in Korean history occurred in A.D. 779 during the Silla Kingdom. At least 100 people died as homes collapsed when a massive earthquake hit the historic city of Gyeongju. The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty briefly mentions, “Eight consecutive earthquakes occurred in the Hamgyong provinces from Aug. 26 to 28, 1597. The walls quaked and collapsed, frightening birds and animals. Many people became sick in bed.” In 1680, a staff member of the National Weather Service was arraigned in criminal court for failing to make timely reports on earthquakes.

Writing Tip
ⓐ AD → A.D. A.D.는 ‘기원후’의 뜻으로, ANNO DOMINI를 줄여 쓴 약자임. 보통 AD도 많이 쓰지만 공식적으로 A.D.를 쓰는 것이 더 올바른 표현.
ⓑ Until → Before ‘~까지’의 until을 썼지만 문맥상으로는 설치되기 전을 의미하므로 before을 쓰는 것이 바람 직.
ⓒ province → provinces 지진이 수 차례 일어난 함평의 여러 지역을 뜻함.
ⓓ report → reports 복수인 earthquakes에 수일치 시켜서 reports로 써줌.



당시 장안으로부터 600㎞나 떨어진 농서지역의 지진을 맞혔다고 한다. 현대의 지진계는 미국의 찰스 리히터가 개발했다. 그는 지진을 ‘규모’로 나타내는 방안도 고안했다. 이에 따르면 ‘재앙’ 수준인 규모 8 이상은 연간 1회꼴로 발생한다. 지난달 아이티 지진은 7.0이다. 이번 수도권 지진과 같은 규모 3.0 이상은 세계적으로 연간 13만 회가 일어난다.
지진계가 발달해도 동물의 본능에는 못 미치는가. 중국 쓰촨성 대지진 때 두꺼비떼가 출현했고, 일본 고베 지진 때는 개와 고양이가 이상한 행동을 보였다며 동물의 예지 능력에 주의를 기울인다. 실제 북한은 2005년 인민일보를 통해 평양 대성산 중앙동물원의 앵무새와 말 우리에 동물 지진감시초소를 운영한다고 소개했다.


내가 한 영작
It could predict an earthquake centered in a rural area ⓐ 600 kilometers (373 miles) away from the capital city. The Richter magnitude scale was developed in 1935 by Charles F. Richter. It is a mathematical device to compare the size of an earthquake based on ⓑthe magnitude, which is determined from the logarithm of the amplitude of waves recorded by seismographs. A disastrous earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale takes place once a year. A massive earthquake registering a magnitude of 7.0 hit Haiti last month. ⓒ 130,000 earthquakes that measure more than 3.0 - the same magnitude as the earthquake that recently occurred around Seoul - occur worldwide. Animals might sense changes too subtle to register on modern instruments. A toad migration phenomenon was spotted just a couple of days before the Sichuan earthquake in 2008. Countless pet owners claimed to have witnessed their cats and dogs acting strangely before the earthquake devastated Kobe in 1995. ⓓThe newspaper reported that an earthquake monitoring center in Pyongyang operates by focusing on the unique behavior of each animal.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
It could predict an earthquake centered in a rural area up to 600 kilometers (373 miles) away from the capital city. The Richter magnitude scale was developed in 1935 by Charles F. Richter. It is a mathematical device to compare the size of an earthquake based on its magnitude, which is determined from the logarithm of the amplitude of waves recorded by seismographs. A disastrous earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale takes place once a year. A massive earthquake registering a magnitude of 7.0 hit Haiti last month. Each year 130,000 earthquakes that measure more than 3.0 - the same magnitude as the earthquake that recently occurred around Seoul - occur worldwide. Animals might sense changes too subtle to register on modern instruments. A toad migration phenomenon was spotted just a couple of days before the Sichuan earthquake in 2008. Countless pet owners claimed to have witnessed their cats and dogs acting strangely before the earthquake devastated Kobe in 1995. One newspaper reported that an earthquake monitoring center in Pyongyang operates by focusing on the unique behavior of each animal.

Writing Tip
ⓐ 없음 → up to capital city에서 600km 떨어진 곳이라는 의미므로, ‘~에 이르기까지’란 의미의 up to 를 써줌.
ⓑ the → its an earthquake를 its로 받아 특정 지진의 규모라는 뜻이 되게 함.
ⓒ 없음 → Each year 매년 13만 회의 지진이 발생한다는 뜻이므로 each year을 써줌.
ⓓ the → one 어느 한 신문이 라는 뜻이므로 정해지지는 않았지만 같은 종류의 것을 언급할 때 one을 씀. the는 앞에서 언급해서 이미 그것이라고 알 때 붙임.
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