야후(yahoo)

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야후(yahoo)

야후는 인간의 악한 본성이 극단적으로 나타난 모습에 대한 풍자다. 도덕과 양심, 이성을 포기하고 짐승이 되길 선택한 인간이라고 해야 할까. 악명 높은 연쇄살인범들은 그런 점에서 ‘현대판 야후’라 불릴 만하다. 시사주간지 타임이 ‘세기의 범죄’라고 이름 붙인 윌리엄 하이렌스도 그중 하나다. 그는 1946년 미국 시카고에서 세 명의 여성을 살해한 혐의로 체포됐다. 마지막 범행은 여섯 살 소녀를 유괴해 목 졸라 죽인 후 시체를 토막내 하수구에 버린 엽기 행각이었다.


내가 한 영작
The Yahoos were humans in their basest form. They looked filthy and behaved in vile ⓐmanner. They often fought against and killed each other. The Houyhnhnms view the Yahoos as ignorant slaves. Whenever a horse’s child is being lazy they tell them to stop ⓑto behave like Yahoos. Swift uses the Yahoo community to satirize human nature and expose the vile and savage aspects of it in an obvious manner. But there are real life humans who choose to behave worse than animals. They give up all human ethics, conscience and reason to become savages like the Yahoos. Who are these modern day Yahoos? William Heirens was one of them. Heirens was responsible for what Time magazine called “the crime of the century.” He was arrested in Chicago in 1946 on charges of killing three women. The last crime ⓒ committed was a grotesque murder in which he strangled a 6-year-old girl to death and cut her body ⓓin pieces which he threw down a sewer.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
The Yahoos were humans in their basest form. They looked filthy and behaved in vile manners. They often fought against and killed each other. The Houyhnhnms view the Yahoos as ignorant slaves. Whenever a horse’s child is being lazy they tell them to stop behaving like Yahoos. Swift uses the Yahoo community to satirize human nature and expose the vile and savage aspects of it in an obvious manner. But there are real life humans who choose to behave worse than animals. They give up all human ethics, conscience and reason to become savages like the Yahoos. Who are these modern day Yahoos? William Heirens was one of them. Heirens was responsible for what Time magazine called “the crime of the century.” He was arrested in Chicago in 1946 on charges of killing three women. The last crime he committed was a grotesque murder in which he strangled a 6-year-old girl to death and cut her body into pieces which he threw down a sewer.

Writing Tip
ⓐ manner → manners manner은 말하고 행동하는 태도나 방식을 표현. ‘매너’(예의)자체를 뜻할 때는 manners를 써줌.
ⓑ to behave → behaving stop 뒤에 to부정사가 쓰이면 ‘~하기 위해’ 멈추다의 뜻이 되고, stop뒤에 진행형이 쓰이면 ‘~하는 것을’ 멈추다 의 뜻임. 문장에서는 야후처럼 행동하는 것을 멈추다라는 뜻이므로 진행형인 behaving을 써줌.
ⓒ 없음 → he The last crime을 과거분사 committed가 수식하는 구조인데, 주체가 명시되어 있지 않으므로 관계대명사절로 대체.
ⓓ in → into 여러 조각으로 자를 때 cut과 함께 쓰이는 전치사는 into임.



언론은 그를 ‘립스틱 킬러’라 불렀다. 그가 두 번째 범행 현장 벽에 피해자의 립스틱으로 휘갈겨 쓴 메모 때문이었다. “더 죽이기 전에 제발 날 말려줘. 난 통제불능이야.” 한 인간이 통제불능의 야수로 변하는 요인은 뭘까. 범죄심리학자들은 어린 시절의 상처와 충격, 이로 인한 자기모멸감과 무력감 등이 커지면서 범죄에 대한 환상을 키우게 된다고 말한다. 하지만 야수는 홀로 크지 않는다. “결함이 있는 가정과 사회는 범죄를 키우는 온실 같은 환경을 만들어내 결국 무시무시한 비극을 불러온다.”(로버트 K 레슬러, 『살인자들과의 인터뷰』) 우리 모두의 책임이라는 얘기다. 최근 여중생 납치살인범 김길태가 잡혔다.


내가 한 영작
The press called him “the lipstick killer” because of a note he left in lipstick at one of the murder ⓐscene. He wrote: “For heavens’ sake, catch me before I kill more. I cannot control myself.” What causes a human being to turn into an uncontrollable beast? Criminal psychologists say that a sense of self-contempt and helplessness that ⓑgrew out of an early childhood trauma is common among serial killers. However, beasts cannot survive alone. Robert K. Ressler, a former FBI agent who coined the term “serial killer,” has said that broken homes and corrupt ⓒsocieties can create environments that encourage violent crimes. That means that the responsibility for such vile acts rests on all of us. Recently, Kim Kil-tae, the suspect in a vicious rape and murder of a middle school girl, ⓓis arrested.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
The press called him “the lipstick killer” because of a note he left in lipstick at one of the murder scenes. He wrote: “For heavens’ sake, catch me before I kill more. I cannot control myself.” What causes a human being to turn into an uncontrollable beast? Criminal psychologists say that a sense of self-contempt and helplessness that grows out of an early childhood trauma is common among serial killers. However, beasts cannot survive alone. Robert K. Ressler, a former FBI agent who coined the term “serial killer,” has said that broken homes and corrupt communities can create environments that encourage violent crimes. That means that the responsibility for such vile acts rests on all of us. Recently, Kim Kil-tae, the suspect in a vicious rape and murder of a middle school girl, was arrested.

Writing Tip
ⓐ scene → scenes 살인 사건들 중 하나임으로 one of 뒤에는 복수명사가 옴.
ⓑ grew → grows 과거의 사건을 이야기 하는 것이 아니라 일반적인 경향을 이야기 하는 것이므로 현재 시제를 씀.
ⓒ societies → communities society는 공통된 이해관계나 목적을 가진 사회를 뜻하며 Community는 특정 장소에 살고 있는 모든 사람들과 그 그룹, 즉 공동사회나 지역사회를 뜻함.
ⓓ is → was recently는 어떠한 일이 얼마 전에 일어났을 때 쓰는 부사로 과거시제와 함께 쓰임.
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