Pyongyang gives general back his lost fourth star

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Pyongyang gives general back his lost fourth star

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Kim Myong-guk with three-stars on Jan. 17 (left) and with four-stars on April 25 (right) on his collar. [YONHAP]

A key general in the North Korean Army has been returned to four-star rank after a demotion earlier this year, and South Korean government and intelligence officials are scrambling to find out why.

In North Korean television footage and photographs released over the weekend, Kim Myong-guk, head of the operations bureau in the general staff of the North Korean Army, was seen wearing a general’s uniform with four-stars on his collar. On Saturday, Kim accompanied North Korean leader Kim Jong-il to military drills commemorating the 78th anniversary of the North Korean Army’s founding. The anniversary was yesterday.

In TV footage and photos, General Kim was seen standing close to Kim Jong-il and pointing to operations maps.

In January, Kim Myong-guk appeared in state media with only three stars on his collar. Analysts here speculated then that Kim might have been held accountable for North Korea’s loss to South Korea in a naval skirmish near the South’s Daecheong Island off the west coast in November.

Last Wednesday, North Korea carried out its second largest promotion of generals under Kim Jong-il’s leadership. It was a day before the birthday of the late leader Kim Il Sung, an occasion dubbed “the Day of the Sun.”

The move was seen as an attempt to boost the morale of the armed forces but Kim Myong-guk wasn’t among the promoted generals. Among other influential figures, Ri Byong-chol, the chief Air Force commander, was promoted to four-star general, as was the chief naval commander Jong Myongdo.

South Korean intelligence officials found the timing of Kim’s promotion puzzling.

“It is extremely rare for a general who wasn’t included in the major promotion to move up a rank in a separate move,” said a South Korean government official. “We’re trying to determine whether Kim’s promotion was related to the Cheonan sinking.” Although the South Korean government hasn’t officially accused North Korea of the attack, a North Korean torpedo attack has been suspected as the cause of the external blast that split the warship in half.

Kim Myong-guk first became a general in 1994 and was named operational chief later that year. He went on to lead the Fifth Army Corps starting in 1997 and the 108th Mechanized Corps from 1998 before returning to the operations bureau in 2007. Officials also took note of the promotion to four-star general of two officers handling security of North Korea.

U Dong-chuk, a senior deputy chief of the State Security Department, and Yun Jong-lin, chief of the Guard Command, each moved up a rank. U had been promoted to lieutenant general only a year earlier.

As the North Korean leadership gives more clout to its already powerful generals, its chief of staff warned Saturday the North would deploy nuclear weapons if invaded by South Korea and the United States.

The official Korean Central News Agency reported that Ri Yong-ho, the chief of the North Korean Army’s general staff, said the North Korean armed forces “are fully ready to frustrate any provocations of the aggressors at a single blow.”

“[The North Korean military] will mobilize all means including the nuclear deterrent . . . should the U.S. imperialists and the South Korean puppet warmongers dare intrude into the inviolable sky, land and seas of the DPRK even 0.001 millimeter,” Ri was quoted as saying. Ri also spoke of “a grave situation” on the Korean Peninsula brought on by the South and the United States, both of whom wanted to launch a new war.


By Yoo Jee-ho, Jeong Yong-soo [jeeho@joongang.co.kr]

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최근 열흘 사이 비공개 승진


지난해 11월 남북 해군 간 대청해전 이후 대장에서 상장(3성 장군·사진 왼쪽)으로 한 계급 강등됐던 북한군 총참모부 김명국 작전국장이 천안함 침몰 사건 이후 다시 대장(오른쪽)으로 복귀한 것으로 25일 확인됐다. 총참모부 작전국장은 북한군의 작전을 총괄하는 자리다. 1994년 대장으로 진급한 김명국은 올 1월 18일 상장으로 강등돼 김정일 국방위원장을 수행하는 장면이 포착됐다. <본지 1월 21일자 2면>

그러나 김 위원장이 24일 북한군 115부대의 군사훈련을 참관한 사진을 분석한 결과, 김명국은 다시 대장 계급장을 달고 훈련 진행 상황을 설명한 것으로 파악됐다. 그는 이달 14일의 567부대 군사종합훈련에 모습을 나타낼 때까지도 상장 계급장을 달고 있었다. 14일과 23일 단행된 대규모 군 승진 인사에서도 그의 명단은 빠졌다.
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