위기 리더십

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위기 리더십

윈스턴 처칠이 총리가 된 건 전쟁의 포화 속에서였다. 네덜란드·벨기에를 거쳐 프랑스로 성큼성큼 진격하는 나치 독일의 기세 앞에 온 영국이 겁에 질려 있었다. 취임 나흘 만에 의회에 선 처칠은 결의에 찬 연설로 국민의 응전 의지를 일깨웠다. “저는 피와 수고, 눈물 그리고 땀밖엔 드릴 게 없습니다. 신께서 주신 모든 힘을 다해 저 괴물 같은 적과 싸울 겁니다. 승리 없인 생존도 없기에 목표는 승리뿐입니다.”


내가 한 영작
Winston Churchill became prime minister of Britain when Europe was in a war. The whole nation was fearful of ⓐ the military invasion ⓑ of Nazi Germany which marched through the Netherlands, Belgium and France. Four days after taking office, he ⓒ appealed to the British to take up a challenge with a speech filled with determination. He ⓓ said, “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat.” And he assured the people that the British government would fight back the monstrous enemy with all ⓔ strength given by God and that the goal was nothing but victory because there would be no survival without a victory.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
Winston Churchill became prime minister of Britain when Europe was in a war. The whole nation was fearful of a military invasion by Nazi Germany, which marched through the Netherlands, Belgium and France. Four days after taking office, he challenged the British in a speech filled with determination, saying, “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.” He also assured the people that the British government would fight the monstrous enemy with all its might and that the goal was victory because without victory, there would be no survival.

Writing Tip
ⓐ the → a 아직 침공을 하지 않은 상태이므로 구체성을 띠는 the를 쓸 수 없음
ⓑ of → by of를 우리말 ‘~의’로 생각하고 쓴 표현을 영어에 맞는 by로 바꿈.
ⓒ appealed → challenged 호소하거나 간청했다기 보다는 도전 정신을 심어 줬다는 표현이 내용상 적절.
ⓓ said → saying 앞 문장도 he로 시작되므로 분사구문으로 수정하여 he가 가까이 반복되는 것을 피함.
ⓔ strength given by God → its might 간결한 표현으로 수정.



얼마 뒤 프랑스마저 무너지고 영국 홀로 독일과 맞서야 하는 최악의 위기가 닥치자 처칠은 다시금 결연한 연설로 사기를 북돋웠다. “우리가 이기면 유럽은 자유를 되찾고 전 세계가 더 높은 곳으로 나아갈 수 있습니다. 훗날 대영제국이 천 년간 지속된 뒤 말들 할 겁니다. ‘그때가 최상의 시간이었다’라고.” 이후 76일 연속 런던에 포탄이 쏟아진 걸로 시작된 9개월간의 ‘대공습’을 영국이 견뎌낸 건 처칠의 웅변에 힘입은 바 컸다.


내가 한 영작
Before long, Britain confronted ⓐ the worst case scenario in which it had to fight ⓑ against Germany alone, because even France was defeated by Germany. Churchill boosted the morale of the people by saying, “If we can stand up to him (Hitler), all Europe may be free and life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands.” ⓒ “Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth lasts for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hour!’” ⓓ he said in conclusion. It was Churchill’s speech that contributed greatly to the British people to endure nine-month-long “The Blitz” that started with the bombing of London ⓔ for 76 consecutive nights.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
Before long, Britain confronted its worst nightmare when it had to fight Germany alone, because by then even France had been defeated. Churchill boosted the morale of his people, saying, “If we can stand up to him [Hitler], all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands.” He concluded with: “Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth lasts for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hour!’” It was Churchill’s speeches that helped the British endure the nine-month-long blitz that started with the bombing of London and continued for 76 nights.

Writing Tip
ⓐ the worst case scenario in which → its worst nightmare when
ⓑ against → 삭제 실제로 대적해 싸울 때는 전치사 against없이 바로 목적어가 와야함, fight against는 싸움 자체보다는 맞섬을 강조.
ⓒ 없음 → He concluded with:
ⓓ he said in conclusion. → 삭제 간결한 표현으로 바꿈, 어디서부터가 마무리하는 말인지 애매할 수 있으므로 위치 이동.
ⓔ for 76 consecutive nights. → and continued for 76 nights. 앞에 시작되었다는 뜻의 started와 지속을 뜻하는 for 76 consecutive nights는 서로 모순이므로 시작되어 계속되었다는 의미로 continued 삽입.
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