Subjects of foundation

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Subjects of foundation


Name: Document Regarding the Appointment of Jin Chung-gwi as a Meritorious Retainer

Period: Joseon, 1395

Status: Treasure No. 1160

Location: National Museum of Korea

This scroll, a nokgwon, or “certificate of annual stipend,” was awarded to a governor of Uiju named Jin Chung-gwi. The certificate was awarded to him in 1395 when King Taejo established the Gongsin Dogam, or “Directorate of Meritorious Subjects,” to honor those who had contributed to the foundation of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). The text of the certificate starts by declaring that the king “appoints Jin Chung-gwi, presently a Gajeong Lord of the Second Grade Minor and governor and commander-in-chief of Uiju, whose clan seat is in Samcheok, as a Minor Meritorious Subject for the Foundation of the Dynasty.” It lists the names and posts of the other meritorious subjects, 106 in all, and promises land and slaves to them and government positions to their parents, wives and future descendants. The certificate ends with the names and signatures of the officials in charge of affairs in the Gongsin Dogam.

*The photos and text for Treasure Trove are provided by the National Museum of Korea. For more information, call (02) 2077-9000 or visit
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