민심 읽기

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민심 읽기

여론조사도 선거도 없던 시절, 천재지변은 민심의 바로미터로 통했다. 임금이 나라를 잘못 다스리면 백성의 원망이 하늘에 닿아 재해를 불러온다고들 믿었다. 날이 가물기 무섭게 성종이 자성 모드로 돌입해 민심에 귀 기울이겠다고 나선 이유다. 그럼에도 이듬해까지 해갈될 기미가 없자 성종은 다시금 국정 전반에 백성의 비판을 수용할 것을 다짐하는 교서를 발표했다. 이에 삼정승도 “저희 벼슬을 교체하시어 덕 있는 사람으로 대신하라”며 연대 책임을 지겠다고 밝혔다. 지배층이 한마음으로 민심을 다독여 위기를 돌파하고자 애쓴 것이다.


내가 한 영작
In the days ⓐwhen there was no ⓑopinion poll or election, ⓒthey reckoned natural disasters ⓓas the reflection of public sentiment. ⓔPeople believed that the resentment of the people reached the heaven and brought down a disaster on earth, if the king ruled the country improperly. This was the reason why King Seongjong decided to listen to the voice of the people changing his attitude to self-resentment mode as soon as the drought started. As there was no sign of rain even one year after that, the king delivered a public message in which he humbly pledged to accommodate the criticism of the people on overall state affair. In response, the three leading ministers announced their willingness to take joint responsibility by saying, “Please accept our resignation and appoint other virtuous people in our places. This shows that the ruling class at that time tried in unison to overcome a crisis by consoling the sentiment of the people.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
In the days before opinion polls and elections, Korean leaders saw natural disasters as a reflection of public sentiment. The resentment of the people could reach heaven and bring down a disaster on the earth if the king ruled poorly.

Writing Tip
ⓐ when there was no → before 간략한 표현으로 수정.
ⓑ opinion poll or election → polls and elections 여론조사와 선거는 추상적이기 보다는 구체적이며 여러 차례를 뜻하므로 복수형으로 고침, 교정시 no가 없어지면서 or가 and로 바뀜.
ⓒ they reckoned → Korean leaders saw 모호한 일반인에서 구체적인 표현으로 주어를 수정.
ⓓ as the reflection → as a reflection 민심의 반영의 한 가지이므로 the를 a로 수정
ⓔ People believed that the resentment → The resentment....could.... 사실이 아닌 내용이므로 believed를 생략하고 가정의 의미로 could 사용.



6·2 지방선거 결과를 놓고 청와대와 여권이 “민심을 몰라도 너무 몰랐다”며 뼈아픈 자성을 하고 있다고 한다. 승리감에 취한 야권에서도 “민심이 언제 바뀔지 모른다”는 경계의 소리가 나온다. “천하에서 가장 두려워해야 할 건 백성이다. 홍수나 화재, 호랑이, 표범보다 훨씬 더 무서운 존재다.” 일찍이 허균이 『호민론』에서 백성을 깔보는 위정자들에게 던진 경고다. 이제라도 우리 정치권이 국민 무서운 줄 깨달은 건 다행이다. 하지만 과연 그 뜻을 제대로 읽고 있는지는 의문이다. 자기들 잇속 따라 민심을 곡해하고 우격다짐하단 진짜 큰코다친다는 걸 알긴 하려나.


내가 한 영작
It is reported that the Blue House and ⓐthe government camp are reflecting ⓑon themselves painstakingly, regretting that they were ⓒ ignorant of the sentiment of the people completely. From the opposition camp, we also hear the voice of precaution: “There is no knowing when the sentiment of the people will change.” Heo Gyun, a Joseon Dynasty writer and the author of “The tiger people theory,” wrote: “The most fearful being in the world is the people. People are much more fearful being than flooding, fire, tigers or panders.” It is fortunate, though belated, that the political community realizes that they should be afraid of the people. However, I wonder whether they understand the meaning properly. They should know that they will be in real trouble if they distort or ignore the sentiment of the people according to their personal interest.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
One week after the elections, we hear that the Blue House and ruling party are reflecting on how they were completely ignorant of the public sentiment. The opposition party is cautious, too, and they are trying to find better ways of listening to the people.

Writing Tip
ⓐ the government camp → ruling party 여당은 보통 지배하는 당이라는 의미로 ruling party라고 함.
ⓑ on themselves painstakingly, regretting that → on how 간단한 표현으로 수정.
ⓒ ignorant of the sentiment of the people completely → completely ignorant of the public sentiment 민심을 간결하게 the sentiment of the people에서 the public sentiment로 수정, completely는 ignorant를 수식하므로 바로 앞에 배치함.

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