Modern marks for sex offenders
The idea was from Jeremy Bentham, an 18th-century English jurist and philosopher, as a way to run the Panopticon, a prison designed by Bentham that allows a few wardens to watch a large number of prisoners at once.
Because it seeks to prevent recidivism by changing a part of the prisoner’s body, tanning a prisoner’s arm is similar to facial tattooing, where the name of the crime was written on the face of the offender. In the TV drama “Chuno,” there was a scene in which fugitive slaves were tattooed with the word “nobi,” meaning “slave,” after they were caught.
Tattooing is one of five punishments originating from China. One written record about the Kitan, a northern tribe that was eventually subjugated by China, says that the word “jeok,” meaning “thief,” was tattooed on the wrist of a first-time offender; on the arm of a second-time offender; on the elbow of a third-time offender; and on the shoulder of a fourth-time offender. A fifth-time offender was beheaded. Korea adopted this punishment during the Joseon era, but it was abolished during the reign of King Yeongjo because it was viewed as cruel to the offender.
On Monday, an Internet site (www.sexoffender.go.kr) that makes public the personal information of child sex offenders, such as their photos, names and addresses, started operating here. Although it does not leave a mark on the body of the offender, it is akin to a modern version of the tattoo, in that it informs society of their crimes and allows the public to keep watch on them.
Nowadays it is possible to remove a tattoo with a laser treatment, but the personal information posted on the Internet will be like a scarlet letter that follows sex offenders until their deaths. It seems more effective than both electronic anklets (because the offender can break and run away at will) and chemical castration (which is costly and cumbersome).
Of course, some say that publicizing the personal information of sex offenders constitutes a violation of their human rights. Meanwhile, the voices of the parents, who claim that defending their children from brutal sex offenders is more important, have grown louder.
But there is no need to worry that we have regressed to King Yeongjo’s day with regard to the human rights of criminals. In the Joseon era, thieves were punished with tattooing, but sex offenders - especially those who raped children under 12 - were executed unconditionally.
*The writer is an editorial writer of the JoongAng Ilbo.
By Shin Ye-ri