Kim Jong-un appointed to key party military position
A day after being made a four-star general, the North Korean leader’s son Kim Jong-un was appointed to relatively high positions within the Workers’ Party at a one-day convention on Tuesday.
North Korea’s state-run media said early yesterday that Jong-un was appointed a vice chairman of the Central Military Commission and a member of the Central Committee, both within the Workers’ Party.
Leader Kim Jong-il was reappointed chairman of the Central Military Commission. The Korea Central News Agency said yesterday that Kim had been present at the Workers’ Party meeting, the first in 44 years, but didn’t say whether Jong-un attended. Pictures released by the news agency showed the father in attendance but not the son.
As was expected, Jong-un received high-ranking party posts, reinforcing speculation that he is being groomed to succeed his father. However, experts said Jong-un’s new positions don’t guarantee him the leadership yet. Jong-un was not given a position on the National Defense Commission, the highest body in the North’s military, which Kim Jong-il currently heads. The National Defense Commission is separate from the Workers’ Party.
“Kim Jong-il has now opened an umbrella in the rain for his son Jong-un,” said Cho Sung-yeal of the Institute for National Security Strategy.
Another expert who asked for anonymity said Jong-un is “halfway there” and that he would have to fight in order to successfully secure his father’s position.
Ri Yong-ho, 68, who was promoted to vice marshal of the Korean People’s Army on Monday, was appointed as another vice chairman of the Central Military Commission Tuesday, holding equal rank as Jong-un. The positions are thought to be newly created for Jong-un and Ri. The double appointment is thought to be a way of giving power to the Dear Leader’s son but to also have an experienced person at his side, as Jong-un has virtually no military experience. Ri, chief of the general staff of the Korean People’s Army, was also elevated to the party’s Political Bureau (Politburo) at the meeting.
Analysts said the military’s power was clearly swelling.
“In socialism, the party always comes first but now what we see is that the military formation within the party has gained strength,” said Cho of the Institute for National Security Strategy.
Ha Tae-kyung, president of Open Radio for North Korea, said the image of a “military party” had been reinforced with the moves.
Kim Jong-il’s sister Kim Kyong-hui was also named as a member of the Politburo, after she also received a four-star general position earlier on Tuesday.
The Politburo was expanded from 10 to 37 positions, while the Secretariat grew from 5 to 11 and the Central Inspection Committee increased from 8 to 17. The Control Commission saw no change in its number of members, which is 7.
The Party’s powerful Central Committee saw a decrease from 145 in 1980 to 124. The number of alternate members of the Central Committee did not see much change from 103 to 105.
KCNA also reported yesterday the Workers’ Party issued a resolution to revise the party’s charter. During a landmark summit between the two Koreas in 2000, former South Korean President Kim Dae-jung requested Kim Jong-il to revise his constitution, and the North Korean leader said it would be done during the next party congress.
“The Conference decided to adopt the proposal for revising the party rules as the rules of the Workers’ Party, convinced that the proposal will provide a sure guarantee for strengthening and developing the party into an eternal glorious party of Comrade Kim Il Sung and victoriously advancing the revolutionary cause of Juche, the cause of building a thriving socialist nation by more thoroughly ensuring the unitary leadership of Kim Jong-il over the whole party and society,” said the KCNA.
The revision deleted the phrase “to establish a Communist society” from the Party’s final aims for the Korean Peninsula, but left its intentions of being hostile to South Korea intact.
The South Korean government had no official statement about the Workers’ Party meeting yesterday.
U.S. State Department spokesman Philip Crowley called the situation yesterday “the ultimate reality show” and emphasized Washington was “simply watching this very closely.”
Meanwhile, Chinese President Hu Jintao lauded Kim Jong-il for being re-elected as general secretary of the party yesterday, according to a Xinhua report, and extended “warm congratulations.”
By Christine Kim [firstname.lastname@example.org]