에밀레

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에밀레

국립경주박물관은 1998년, 국보 29호 성덕대왕신종의 구성 성분을 분석했다. 그 결과 밝혀진 주재료는 구리(85%)와 주석(14%). 뼈의 성분인 인은 전혀 검출되지 않았다. 유명한 ‘에밀레종’ 설화는 어찌 된 것일까. 많은 사람의 생각과는 달리 이 전설은 20세기 이전의 어떤 기록에서도 보이지 않는다. 『삼국유사』에는 ‘경덕왕이 성덕왕을 위해 구리 12만 근을 들여 종을 주조하다 완성을 보지 못했고, 아들 혜공왕이 771년 완성해 봉덕사에 안치했다’는 내용뿐이다. 신종을 기술한 고려·조선시대의 문건에서도 아기의 희생을 암시하는 구절은 발견되지 않고 있다.


내가 한 영작
In 1998, the Gyeongju National Museum analyzed the composition of the King Seongdeok Bell, which is designated as ⓐnational treasure No. 29. ⓑThe result showed that the bell was composed of 85 percent copper and 14 percent zinc. No trace of calcium phosphate, an ingredient ⓒof human bone, was found, which helped to debunk the long-standing legend about the bell and its creation. The legend has it that a baby was cast into the bell when previous efforts produced soundless bells that would not ring. In reality, there are no written records before the start of the 20th century giving credence to that legend. According to ⓓ“Samguk Yusa”, or “Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms”, King Gyeongdeok tried to build a bell for King Seongdeok with 120,000 geun of copper (72 tons), but failed to complete ⓔthe work. His son King Haegong completed the bell and ⓕdedicated to ⓖthe Bongdeok-sa temple in 771. In other Goryeo and Joseon era documents that ⓗmentioned the bell, there is ⓘno sentence that suggesting a baby was sacrificed for its completion.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
In 1998, the Gyeongju National Museum analyzed the composition of the King Seongdeok Bell, which is designated as National Treasure No. 29. The results showed that the bell was composed of 85 percent copper and 14 percent zinc. No traces of calcium phosphate, an ingredient in human bone, were found, which helped to debunk the long-standing legend about the bell and its creation. The legend has it that a baby was cast into the bell when previous efforts produced soundless bells that would not ring. In reality, there are no written records before the start of the 20th century giving credence to that legend. According to the history book “Samguk Yusa,” or “Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms,” King Gyeongdeok tried to build a bell for King Seongdeok with 120,000 geun of copper (72 tons), but failed to complete the job. His son King Hyegong completed the bell and dedicated it to Bongdeok Temple in 771. In other Goryeo and Joseon era documents that mention the bell, there is nothing suggesting a baby was sacrificed for its completion.

Writing Tip
ⓐ national treasure → National Treasure 일반적인 의미의 ‘국가의 보물’이아니라 ‘국보 ~호’를 나타낼 때의 국보를 뜻하므로 대문자로 표현.
ⓑ The result → The results 내용상 여러가지 결과일 경우 복수로 표시.
ⓒ of human bone → in human bone 성분을 나타낼 때는 in을 씀, of는 소속을 의미.
ⓓ “Samguk Yusa” → the history book “Samguk Yusa,” 독자 층을 고려해서 어떤 책인지를 설명.
ⓔ the work → the job 일을 완수한다고 할 때는 job을 쓰는 경향이 있음.
ⓕ dedicated to → dedicated it to dedicate는 목적어가 필요함.
ⓖ the Bongdeok-sa temple → Bongdeok Temple sa는 절을 뜻하므로 temple과 중복됨.
ⓗ mentioned → mention 지금도 유효한 내용이므로 현재시제 사용.
ⓘ no sentence that → nothing 그러한 내용을 담은 것이 반드시 sentence가 아니라 phrase나 word일 수도 있음.



이 전설이 실린 가장 오래된 기록은 미국인 호머 헐버트가 1906년 쓴 『대한제국 멸망사(The Passing of Korea)』인 것으로 추정된다. 헐버트는 “조선 사람들은 어린아이의 희생으로 만들어진 종에서 ‘에미, 에밀레(Emmi, Emmille)’라는 소리가 들린다고 한다. 이 말은 ‘엄마, 엄마 때문에’라는 뜻이다”고 정확하게 기술하고 있다. 그러나 이 책에 따르면 문제의 종이 있는 곳은 경주가 아니라 서울 한복판이다.


내가 한 영작
It is believed that the oldest material containing the legend is “The Passing of Korea” written by American missionary Homer Hulbert in 1906. ⓐHe wrote that Koreans said the bell was made with the sacrifice of a baby and tolled with the sound “Emmi, Emmille.” He also said that the sound “Emmi, Emmille” meant “Mother, because of Mother.” According to ⓑthe book, however, ⓒthe place where the bell was located was not in Gyeongu but in the center of Seoul.

JoongAng Daily 에디터가 수정한 문장
It is believed that the oldest material containing the legend is “The Passing of Korea,” written by American missionary Homer Hulbert in 1906. Hulbert wrote that Koreans said the bell was made with the sacrifice of a baby and tolled with the sound “Emmi, Emmille.” He also said that the sound “Emmi, Emmille” meant “Mother, because of Mother.” According to his book, however, the bell was located not in Gyeongju but in the center of Seoul.

Writing Tip
ⓐ He → Hulbert 영어에서는 같은 대상을 다른 표현으로 나타내려는 경향이 있음, 처음에는 기관의 생략하지 않은 정식 명칭, 성을 포함한 사람의 이름으로 표기하고 그 다음에는 정식 명칭의 중요한 뒷 부분이나 사람의 성만으로 표현하고 그 뒤에는 대명사로 표시를 하는 식으로 다양한 표현을 사용하며 점차적으로 간략화 시켜 대상을 나타냄.
ⓑ the book → his book the book도 문법적으로 틀리지 않으나 앞에 저자가 언급되므로 his book이 더 자연스러움.
ⓒ the place where the bell was located was not → the bell was located not ‘place’와 ‘locate’는 중복되는 감이 있음, 간략하게 수정할 수 있음.
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