The power of six in North
Close scrutiny of the order within North Korea’s Workers’ Party - through the party’s rare convention held late last month and this week’s anniversary celebration - shows that Kim Jong-un, son of North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, is currently sixth in rank in the power structure.
Kim Jong-un has been featured in North Korea’s official media eight times since his first appearance in the news at the end of last month, when he received a four-star general title along with several others, a day before a major Workers’ Party convention.
Since then, pictures and video footage of the stocky heir-apparent have been all over the news in South Korea and worldwide. So far, he has always been shown near his father, Kim Jong-il, but never officially beside him, indicating a distance in rank between father and son.
Also, the North’s official news agency has often listed Jong-un after several other officials in its reports, usually sixth in line. Kim Jong-il, re-elected to the position of general secretary of the Workers’ Party, is first in North Korea’s power structure as the sole leader, with Kim Yong-nam following his lead.
Kim Yong-nam was elected as a member of the Presidium of the Politburo during the convention and is seen as the de facto head of state in North Korea because he has held the title of chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly, North Korea’s parliament, since 1998.
Kim Yong-nam plays an important role in handling foreign affairs. Most recently, Kim participated in talks last Saturday with China’s Zhou Yongkang, senior leader of China’s Communist Party, to sign an economic and technology agreement between the two countries.
Next in line is Choe Yong-rim, who was recently promoted to premier during a parliamentary reshuffle at a rare second session of the Supreme People’s Assembly this June. The first session was held in April.
Choe, in his new position, is currently in charge of North Korea’s economic policy and has been frequently reported by media as a close ally with Kim Jong-il.
With Premier Kim Yong-il ousted from his seat in June, possibly due to the failure of a currency reform that was enforced in North Korea earlier this year, the government’s decision to have Choe replace him was seen as a move to ensure a smooth succession.
Experts said during the reshuffle that Kim Jong-il was moving quickly to place familiar, trusted faces in the government’s top spots to make sure his son is ensured a secure position as leader. Ri Yong-ho comes in fourth as a relatively new contender in North Korea’s web of power. Ri, whose name has become familiar with Jong-un’s surprise appearances in the news, was promoted to chief of the General Staff of the North Korean military last year.
He was then given the title of vice marshal of the Korean People’s Army, the third vice marshal in the country’s history before the party convention.
During the party’s meeting, Ri was elected to an equal title as Kim Jong-un, a move many analysts saw placing Ri in a protective position to ensure Jong-un has the military’s support.
Ri’s role is also significant because of his family ties to Kim Jong-il - his father was close to Kim Il Sung and his mother acted as caregiver to Kim Jong-il after Kim Jong-il’s mother died in 1949. Fifth is Jo Myong-rok, who was appointed first vice chairman of the National Defense Commission and director general of the Korean People’s Army’s Politburo. The 82-year-old Jo has not been observed in recent public events likely because of apparent health issues, often resulting in Jong-un being listed fifth among government officials.
Among the recent changes in North Korea’s government and military, one thing has not changed: the power and position of Jang Song-thaek, Jong-un’s uncle and Kim Jong-il’s “No. 2 man,” as he is often referred to.
Although Jang was not given higher positions during the convention, analysts said this was because Jang already wields great power within North Korea. Jang is vice chairman of the National Defense Commission.
By Christine Kim [email@example.com]