Decision day: Winter Olympics host named tonight
The city of Durban in South Africa has a lucky ring for many Koreans, and especially sports fans.
In 1974, boxer Hong Soo-hwan captured the World Boxing Association bantamweight title in the port city. And in the 2010 World Cup, Korea’s national football team made the round of 16 there after a 2-2 draw with Nigeria, the first time the nation did so on foreign soil.
Today, Koreans will hold their breath in anticipation of another victory in Durban, when the 123rd International Olympic Committee (IOC) General Assembly is held to choose the host of the 2018 Winter Olympics.
Will the committee choose Pyeongchang, a small city in Gangwon? Or one of the European cities competing against it: France’s Annecy or Munich in Germany, which is mounting a strong bid.
After two years of preparation and promotion, Pyeongchang’s fate will be determined in Durban at midnight Korea Standard Time, when some 90 IOC members cast their votes at Durban’s International Convention Center.
Pyeongchang, about 180 kilometers (112 miles) east of Seoul, threw its hat in the ring for the third time in 2009 and was made an official candidate last year.
“I wouldn’t make this about personal glory,” Lee said to five foreign media outlets, including The Associated Press, Reuters and AFP, on Monday. “It is our vision, our aspiration of becoming a mecca for winter sports.”
The 69-year-old president added that it is his duty and mission to try to bring the Winter Games to Asia. (Japan hosted the games twice, in Sapporo in 1972 and Nagano in 1998.)
Lee, who is on a 10-day trip to three Africa nations - starting with South Africa and going on to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia - said his government is ready to carry out all its promises and will do its best until the decision is announced.
“We have done a lot of preparation for Pyeongchang,” Lee said. “I hope the IOC members will appreciate the efforts we have made.”
The final appeal
Lee is probably the most powerful person in Korea, but today in Durban, he will be just one of eight representatives for Pyeongchang’s hopes and dreams.
On Monday, the Pyeongchang delegation finished its last rehearsal for its final presentation, which will include Lee, bid chief Cho Yang-ho, Korean Olympic Committee chairman Park Yong-sung, bid committee spokeswoman Teresa Rah, special envoy for Pyeongchang’s bid Kim Jin-sun and IOC member Moon Dae-sung.
Two honorary ambassadors, 2010 Olympic figure skating champion Kim Yu-na, and Toby Dawson, a Korean adoptee and U.S. Olympic skier, will also speak in front of IOC members tonight. Dawson’s participation was disclosed by the bid committee on Sunday as a “surprise card” for the final presentation.
The eight presenters will be the public faces of Pyeongchang’s ambitions, while other bid committee members like Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Choung Byoung-gug, IOC member Lee Kun-hee and Gangwon Governor Choi Moon-soon will support them behind the scenes.
In its two previous bids for the Games, Pyeongchang put more emphasis on the fact that Korea is a divided nation and that hosting the Olympics could help ease tensions between North and South Korea. That concept, however, was too similar to Seoul’s argument for why South Korea should have been allowed to host the Summer Olympics in 1988, and was finally considered inadequate.
For the 2018 Winter Games, Pyeongchang has been working a different strategy under its campaign slogan “New Horizons.”
The Korean town has been promoting what it has done to become an Asian winter sports hub, highlighted by its “Dream Program,” a project started in 2004 that invites young athletes from countries without a developed winter sports scene to visit Korea and experience winter sports.
The city has also emphasized its readiness to host the Games.
Pyeongchang now brags of having two main venue clusters that are compact and close enough to each other so athletes can move from venue to venue in no more than 30 minutes. Strong public support - 92 percent from local residents and 87 percent from Koreans as a whole - is another advantage for Pyeongchang.
“I strongly believe that the Winter Games in Pyeongchang will be a most ideal and compact event like no one has yet experienced,” bid chief Cho said on Monday after the rehearsal.
But still, Pyeongchang has to triumph over two strong rival candidacies, with Munich’s considered the most challenging.
The German city hopes to become the first city to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics and has been emphasizing “going back to the roots of winter sports,” according to Munich bid chief Katarina Witt.
The Bavarian capital has promised to revitalize the Winter Olympic brand. And while German President Christian Wulff was flying into Durban on Monday, the Munich bid committee disclosed that football legend Franz Beckenbauer was their secret weapon for their final push.
“I think we have great momentum,” Witt told Reuters on Monday. “We gradually tried to get better and better with presentations to get our message out about what we can offer to the Olympic movement, and especially the athletes who will compete in 2018.”
Annecy, a lakeside town in south-eastern France, uses the slogan “Snow, Ice and You,” and received a good evaluation on their technical briefing in May. But the absence of French President Nicolas Sarkozy in Durban hinted that they may not think they will win.
Charles Beigbeder, the Annecy bid chief, admitted that they had some problems in the past, including lack of support from the French media, but said he will not give up until the end. “We are determined and united,” Beigbeder told Reuters Monday. “Whatever happens on Wednesday, we are proud of what we have achieved.”
For their final appeals, the IOC has given each city 70 minutes, including 45 minutes for a presentation and 15 minutes for a question and answer session.
Munich present first, followed by Annecy and Pyeongchang, which will pitch its case at 12:05 p.m. (local time). After finishing all the presentations, the IOC’s on-site inspection team will report the results of their evaluations to IOC members for 30 minutes. Secret electronic voting begins at 3:35 p.m.
Canadian IOC member Richard Pound told The Associated Press on Monday: “You can’t win in the presentations, but you can lose [on votes].’’ That is true because the host city for the Winter Olympics is, after all, determined by a vote among IOC members, not the evaluations or presentations.
Under the IOC’s rules, a majority vote is required for victory. The cities that get the fewest votes are eliminated after each round until a majority winner emerges.
Currently, the IOC has 110 members, but President Jacque Rogge doesn’t vote and IOC members from candidate cities are not allowed to vote while in contention. Each city has two IOC members - Lee Kun-hee and Moon Dae-sung for Pyeongchang, Thomas Bach and Claudia Bokel for Munich and Jean Claude-Killy and Guy Drut for France.
That technically leaves 103 IOC members eligible to vote, but usually several members are ill or unable to attend the session, so the actual number is expected to be around 97 to 99, according to the Pyeongchang bid committee.
In fact, the head of the International Rowing Federation, Denis Oswald, has recused himself from voting since his organization signed a sponsorship deal with Samsung Electronics. IOC member Lee Kun-hee is chairman of Samsung Electronics.
Brazilian Joao Havelanche, the oldest IOC member at 95-year-old, has reportedly not traveled to Durban due to personal reasons, while U.S. IOC member James Easton is recovering from a stroke in the hospital. Mounir Sabet, Egypt’s IOC member, is also doubtful after his movements were restricted following political unrest in Egypt this year.
The ideal scenario for any city is to seal the victory in the first round of voting. If the vote goes to a second round, the remaining two cities get just 15 minutes to lobby IOC members. It’s critical to capture the votes that went to the city eliminated in the opening round if the ballot jumps to the next round.
This was a lesson Pyeongchang learned in its previous failed bids.
In 2003, Pyeongchang was the frontrunner for the 2010 Winter Games when it got 51 votes in the first round, followed by Vancouver with 40 and Salzburg, Austria, with 16. But Pyeongchang ultimately lost to Vancouver 56-53 in the second round.
A near-identical situation occurred for Pyeongchang when it bid for the 2014 Games. In 2007, Pyeongchang led with 36 votes, followed by Sochi, Russia, with 34 and Salzburg with 25. But in the end, Pyeongchang was defeated again as Sochi won 51-47 in the final round.
“I would have thought if Korea is going to win they’ve got to win on the first round,” Pound said.
Clash between two figure skating greats, not on ice
According to several foreign media outlets, Pyeongchang and Munich are in a close race, while Annecy is little behind. To win in the first round, Pyeongchang and Munich have both been conducting last minute pushes to capture 15 to 20 swing votes.
“To absorb floating votes, we need to have an emotional presentation to capture the hearts of IOC members,” Korean Olympic Committee chairman Park Yong-sung said on Monday.
For emotional appeal, Pyeongchang has put figure skating sensation Kim Yu-na up front, while Munich has appointed figure skating great Katarina Witt as its bid star.
Kim, the 20-year-old reigning Olympic champion, is a living embodiment of Pyeongchang’s message of a “New Horizon” for winter sports after she became a world star coming from a country that lacks a foundation for winter sports.
Meanwhile, Witt, a former Olympic figure skating champion in 1984 and 1988, represents Germany’s traditional dominance in winter sports. However, the Germans haven’t hosted the Winter Games since 1936 and the 46-year-old Witt is a symbol of a German athlete who hasn’t experienced the biggest winter event in her own homeland.
Some pundits say that Kim represents a pioneer who continues to develop winter sports, while Witt represents the conservatism of winter sports.
It may be difficult to judge who is a better figure skater, but it won’t be too long until we see who wins off the ice.
By Joo Kyung-don [firstname.lastname@example.org]
한글 관련 기사 [중앙일보]
“아프리카 부동표 잡아라” … 1차 투표서 끝낸다
오늘밤 겨울올림픽 개최지 발표
2018 겨울올림픽 개최 도시가 6일(한국시간) 밤 12시 남아프리카공화국 더반에서 열리는 제123차 국제올림픽위원회(IOC) 총회에서 결정된다. 2010년, 2014년에 이어 세 번째 겨울 올림픽 유치에 도전하는 평창은 투표에 앞서 열리는 최종 프레젠테이션(PT)에서 마지막으로 IOC 위원들의 표심잡기에 올인한다.
AP와 로이터 등 주요 외신은 평창을 ‘선두주자(Favorite)’로 평가하고 뮌헨(독일)을 ‘가장 강력한 도전자(closest challenger)’로, 안시(프랑스)는 ‘열외(outsider)’로 분류하고 있다. 평창과 뮌헨의 대결로 압축된 모양새다. 승부처는 15~20표로 추산되는 부동표의 향방이다. 특히 13개국에 걸쳐 15명에 달하는 아프리카 소속 IOC 위원 가운데 아직 지지할 도시를 정하지 못한 사람이 많은 것으로 보인다. 평창 유치위 측이 공들여 공략해야 할 타깃이다.
남아공을 방문 중인 이명박 대통령은 5일 오후(현지시간) 남아공 주마 대통령과 정상회담을 했다. 평창의 겨울올림픽 유치 문제는 공식 의제는 아니었으나 회담장 주변에선 “남아공이 아프리카의 리더 국가인 만큼 정상회담에서 비공식적으로라도 유치 문제가 논의됐을 것”이라고 추측했다. 이 대통령은 주마 대통령과의 대면을 통해 아프리카 대륙을 향한 평창의 메시지를 강하게 전달한 셈이다.
이 대통령은 이날 오전 내부 참모회의에서 유치 관련 사항 등을 점검했다. 이 자리에서 “시작한 이상 혼신의 힘을 다하자”고 당부했다고 박정하 청와대 대변인이 전했다. 한 참모가 ‘대통령이 목이 아플 정도로 프레젠테이션 연습 중이라고 보도됐다’고 하자 이 대통령은 “목은 걱정할 게 없다. 목소리가 갈라져도 진정성을 가지고 설명하면 감동을 줄 수 있다”는 말도 했다. 이날 회의엔 김성환 외교통상부 장관과 최중경 지식경제부 장관, 천영우 외교안보수석과 김대기 경제수석, 김두우 홍보수석 등이 참석했다. 우리 측은 유치 전망에 대해 극도로 말을 아끼고 있다. “평창이 유리하다는 전망 자체가 맞지도 않거니와 그런 보도가 나오는 게 IOC 위원들의 마음을 사는 데 도움이 안 된다”(청와대 고위 관계자)고 보기 때문이다.
투표에 임하는 IOC 위원들도 매우 신중하다. 영국 일간지 텔레그래프는 4일(현지시간) IOC 위원인 영국의 앤(61) 공주가 투표에 참여하지 않을 것이라고 보도했다. 앤 공주는 남아프리카공화국 더반에서 열리는 IOC 총회에는 참석하지만 투표는 하지 않는다. 그의 딸인 자라 필립스(30)가 2012 런던 올림픽 공식 후원사인 삼성의 홍보대사로 활동하고 있어 투표에 참여할 경우 오해의 소지가 있기 때문이다. 삼성 회장인 이건희 IOC 위원은 더반에서 직접 유치 작업을 돕고 있다. 이건희 회장은 5일 오전 한국 취재진과 만나 “여기 와선 여러 사람을 만났다. 내가 하는 일이 그것밖에 없다”며 “왔을 때하고 지금하고 많이 다른데, 예를 들면 대통령까지 오셔서 많이 뛰고 계시다. 분위기가 많이 달라졌다”고 말했다.
평창으로서는 1차 투표에서 과반수를 득표하는 것이 최선이다. IOC 위원은 총 110명이다. 위원장은 투표하지 않는 관례가 있고 개최 후보도시 소속 국가의 위원은 투표권이 없다. 한국(2명), 독일(2명), 프랑스(2명)다. 데니스 오스왈드(스위스) 위원은 기권 의사를 밝혔고, 주앙 아벨란제(95·브라질) 위원도 건강 문제로 총회에 참석하지 않는다. 개인적인 사정 등으로 3∼4명이 불참해 최종 투표인단은 97∼98명이 될 것으로 예상된다.
개최지 투표는 전자투표기를 이용해 한다. 1차 투표에서 과반수를 얻은 도시가 없으면 투표수가 가장 적은 3위를 탈락시킨 뒤 1~2위 도시끼리 2차 투표를 한다. 이때 1차에서 탈락한 도시가 속한 국가의 IOC 위원은 2차 투표에 참가할 수 있다. 2차 투표에서 더 많은 표를 얻는 곳이 승자가 된다. 2차 투표에서 두 도시의 득표수가 같은 경우에는 IOC 위원장이 캐스팅보트를 행사한다.