Domestic car production shrinks by 2.1% in 2012
The fall resulted from sluggish domestic demand and unstable relations between labor unions and management at local carmakers, it said.
“Different from 2011, when salary negotiations were settled without conflicts arising, the prolonged settlement last year caused partial strikes which resulted in manufacturing delays, especially in the third quarter,” the ministry said in a release.
Some 4.56 million cars were produced in the country last year, down 100,000 units from 4.66 million in 2011.
The number of local cars sold in Korea also fell by 2.4 percent last year to rest at 1.51 million units.
“Shrinking consumer confidence due to high oil prices and rising household debt amid a tepid domestic economy pushed car sales down for the first time in four years,” the ministry said.
The average price of gasoline last year was 1,986 won ($1.87) per liter, up from 1,929 won in 2011.
Household debt also rose 5.6 percent to 882.4 trillion won in the third quarter, up from 836 trillion won in the same quarter one year earlier, according to the Bank of Korea.
The ministry also blamed local carmakers for the declining sales as they didn’t introduce many new models in 2012.
Five local carmakers - Hyundai Motor, Kia Motors, GM Korea, Renault Samsung and Ssangyong Motor - only released a total of four new models, compared to 13 in 2011.
Imported carmakers took advantage of this lack of newfound diversity and sold a record number of cars last year, or 130,858 units, up 24.6 percent on-year.
Overall exports of vehicles rose slightly last year, up 0.4 percent. Around 3.17 million cars were shipped overseas.
Shipments to Europe fell 6.4 percent due to the drawn-out euro zone fiscal crisis, while exports to the U.S. jumped 18.4 percent to 631,000 units.
By Lee Sun-min [email@example.com]