Shipbuilders get big boost from BeijingChina widened its lead over Korea as the world’s biggest shipbuilding nation as state-backed yards won contracts for complex gas-carriers while private facilities in the country struggle for funds.
China won orders to make ships with a capacity to carry 27.8 million deadweight tons, or 47 percent of global contracts, getting a 7.8 million-ton lead over Korea in the seven months before July. A year earlier, the gap was 1 million ton.
Government-backed yards won almost three-quarters of those deals, an indication that securing funds isn’t an issue for them. That contrasts with China Rongsheng Heavy Industries Group Holdings, the nation’s biggest private shipbuilder, which last month sought government assistance after failing to win any ship orders this year. China announced a three-year package for the troubled industry this week.
“China is trying to grow its state-owned yards to help them become more competitive against their rivals in Korea,” said Park Moo-hyun, an analyst at ETrade Securities. “This is going to mean that most of the financially troubled private shipyards won’t get much help.”
Hyundai Heavy Industries, Samsung Heavy Industries and other yards in Korea won orders for 20 million tons of ships, according to data provided by Clarkson. Globally, companies placed orders for 59.6 million tons of ships as of the end of July.
State-backed companies grabbed 74 percent of new orders in China in the first half of this year, according to UOB-Kay Hian Holdings. That compares with 52 percent in all of 2012.
Of the orders for 33 large vessels that went to state-backed Chinese yards, Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group won a contract earlier this year to build six liquefied natural gas carriers from China Shipping Development. Cosco Dalian Shipyard received an order for one LNG vessel.
China issued a three-year plan earlier this week to urge financial institutions to support the industry. The government also wants the industry to control new capacity and promote high-end products.
Rongsheng last month reported a net loss in the first half and said it was seeking financial support from the government and shareholders after a plunge in orders strained cash flow. The company also agreed to issue convertible bonds to raise a net HK$1.38 billion ($178 million) for working capital and to support development of its offshore engineering business.
Ship owners placing orders for China-made vessels, engines and some main parts should get better funding and some key companies will be allowed to issue corporate bonds, the State Council said in a statement released Sunday. Chinese shipbuilders don’t have strong innovation, according to the statement dated July 31.
China may have a third of its more than 1,600 yards shut down in about five years, according to Wang Jinlian, head of the industry association. The sector is among those that must accelerate phasing out of overcapacity, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Bloomberg