At Horim Museum, the past is on the table
For starters, it has to do with the structure of traditional Korean houses, where the kitchen was far from where people ate. Women had to deliver the food they prepared, and the soban was an important vehicle. That is why, even decades ago, the soban could be found in every Korean household.
Second, it has to do with the Korean custom of sitting on the floor to eat, rather than on chairs at a table.
In fact, most people think traditional Korean dining is where people, often families, sit at one big dining table, eating their own bowls of rice, but sharing stew or soup as well as main and side dishes. But such a culture is not really traditional Korean dining; it’s a modification that arose after Korea opened its ports to foreign countries.
The Sinsa branch of the Horim Museum is holding an exhibition dedicated to the soban. Titled “Soban - Design of the Joseon Dynasty II,” people can enjoy 40 soban of various designs. The “II” is there because it’s a sequel to the exhibition the museum held in 2010, also dedicated to the wooden furniture of the period.
Along with Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art in Hannam-dong, central Seoul, the Horim - 31 years old now - is considered one of the best private art museums in Korea, home to some 15,000 artifacts, including 54 state-designated cultural properties.
“One can say soban is a type of wooden furniture that is both functional and aesthetic,” said Park Jun-yeong, a curator at the museum.
Soban had to be strong enough to hold brassware and chinaware, yet light enough to be carried by women.
“Depending on who made it and where it was made, soban takes different shapes and patterns. Each has its own individuality,” Park said. “We chose pieces that best displayed the textures of the wood. Many of the pieces on display are being shown to the public for the first time.”
Given that the soban could be found in very early relics - as early as the tomb murals of the Goguryeo Kingdom (BC 37-AD 668), perhaps it’s only natural that the soban comes in so many different types.
There is the gujokban, with its four legs curving inwards, and the hojokban, with its four legs curving in an S shape. There is the gonggosang, which looks like a skirt, but is partly open so that women carrying it on their head can see where they are going. And there is the iljuban, whose legs start as one, but split into four at the bottom.
Besides the soban, the Horim Museum is also displaying incense burners and ceramic pieces in separate exhibitions, “Hyangno - Incense Burner Which Governs the Mind” and “Horim Ceramic Masterpieces.”
Horim says most exhibitions dedicated to incense burners have focused on the Buddhist aspect, as incense burners were often used in Buddhist rituals, mostly during the Goryeo period (918-1392), when Buddhism enjoyed its heyday in Korea. But the exhibition also covers incense burners used in Confucian rituals as well as those used by aristocrats during the Joseon.
The exhibition on ceramic pieces also covers the eras between the 12th and 19th centuries. “You can say the exhibition pretty much covers the entire history of Korean ceramics,” Park said. “You can see how Korean ceramics evolved, and also learn about various shapes, patterns and manufacturing techniques.”
BY KIM HYUNG-EUN [email@example.com]
* The exhibition runs until Feb. 28. Admission is 8,000 won ($7.23), but it is free on the last Thursday of each month. The museum is open from 10:30 a.m. to 6 p.m., but closed Sundays. It is close to Dosan Park in Sinsa-dong, near Apgujeongrodeo Station on the Bundang line, exit 5. For information call 02-541-3523 or visit www.horimartcenter.org.