Start-ups see 2013 revenue growth
The Small & Medium Business Administration and the Korea Venture Business Association yesterday jointly released a survey of 454 local start-ups who made revenue of 100 billion won ($97.3 million) or more last year.
Start-ups, or venture companies, are built around a profitable but risky technology idea, and can get state assistance. Some of the surveyed companies have grown too big to be considered a start-up, including the country’s largest portal site, Naver, but were included in the survey with smaller tech companies because all of them were once endorsed as a “venture company” by the government.
The number of venture companies earning 100 billion won or more in annual revenue, 454, is 6.7 times as many as in 2005.
Those companies produced 101.2 trillion won worth of revenue in total last year, making up 7.1 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. Start-ups accounted for just 1.62 percent of GDP in 2004. The combined revenue of the companies would make it the country’s fifth-largest business entity following LG Group with 116 trillion won.
Eight of the companies raked in 1 trillion won or more in revenue last year, including newbies Moneual and Partron. Moneual, a home electronics appliance maker, posted 1.14 trillion won revenue while Partron, a mobile phone component maker, earned 1.01 trillion won.
Three companies earned more than 900 billion won each, raising prospects that the number of members in the 1 trillion won club will grow next year.
As a testament to the fast growth of start-ups, 56 made more than 100 billion won in revenue for the first time last year. Of the 454, 40 companies recorded at least 20 percent annual growth for the past three years.
Of the 40 companies, 15 were involved in computers, semiconductors and other electronic components, while six are food, fabric and non-metal manufacturers. Five others were related to energy, medical equipment and precision devices.
Of the 40, 35 companies, or 87.5 percent, exported goods last year. The average of their exports was worth 91.6 billion won.
The number of people hired by the 454 venture companies last year was 166,164, up 3.1 percent from a year earlier.
The growth in employment at start-ups is higher than the 2.2 percent growth for entire small- and mid-sized manufacturers, and 2.1 percent growth for large-sized companies.
Their operating profits as a percentage of revenues was 6.9 percent, higher than 4.6 percent for large-sized companies and 4.2 percent for small- and mid-sized manufacturers.
Around the world, a total of 19 Korean start-ups have the No. 1 market share in a particular industry.
It took 18.4 years of growth on average for a start-up to post 100 billion won in annual revenue. Software developers took the shortest path to success with an average of 12.5 years to reach the 100 billion won milestone, while information and telecommunication companies and broadcasting service providers took 28.5 years to get there.
BY MOON GWANG-LIP and CHAE YOON-KYUNG [email@example.com]