Son nabbed; Yoo’s autopsy is inconclusive
The son had become the country’s most wanted man after his father, Yoo Byung-eun, was declared dead Tuesday. The inconclusive result of the elder Yoo’s second autopsy was released yesterday.
The 43-year-old son and Park Soo-kyung, a 33-year-old woman who served as his bodyguard and secretary, were apprehended without resistance.
Park is a follower of the Evangelical Baptist Church, co-founded and led by the Yoo family patriarch, and the daughter of another key functionary for the Yoo family. Park is a certified Taekwondo referee.
The police found 10 million won ($9,800) cash at the residence in which the two were staying.
Police raided the residence after monitoring it since early May.
The duo’s capture came only a few hours after the police announced they would offer favorable terms if the son turned himself in by the end of this month.
Police said the apprehended pair had not been using cell phones for a long time.
Meanwhile, the state forensic center yesterday said that it was unable to determine how Yoo Byung-eun died because his corpse was too decayed when it was found last month in an orchard in Suncheon, South Jeolla.
The result of the older Yoo’s second autopsy announced yesterday by the National Forensic Service provided few clues to the odd death of the 73-year-old, who was the most wanted man in Korea after the Sewol sank April 16, killing more than 300.
Earlier this week, police identified the body as Yoo’s, 40 days after it was found in a plum field in Suncheon, 2.5 kilometers (1.6 miles) away from a vacation villa Yoo owned and where he is assumed to have stayed in May.
The belated announcement of his death opened up law enforcement agencies to charges of total incompetence and started a tsunami of public doubts bordering on mass incredulity.
“We performed the autopsy based on some probable causes: bodily injury, poisoning, disease and other external forces,” said Seo Joong-seok, the head of the National Forensic Service.
“But it was impossible to determine the cause of death because Yoo’s body had already undergone a very advanced stage of decomposition.” he said.
As for the poison test, the state agency said that it examined parts of a lung, the liver and muscle tissue but they all tested negative or were unable to be tested.
It also said there were no traces of external force that might lead to death based on the bone structure of the remains.
In the face of widespread public incredulity and ridicule, the director of the forensic agency maintained firmly that DNA tests prove conclusively that the body is Yoo’s.
Aside from DNA, the agency cited the length of a thighbone of the left leg, the structure of teeth as well as the height and the structure of a finger as evidence for their conclusion.
To try to address rampant conspiracy theories about the sequence of events described by authorities, the forensic center showed a series of photos of the corpse and CT images of hands during yesterday’s press conference in the Seoul office of the National Forensic Service in western Seoul. The briefing was televised.
It was a rare occasion for the forensic agency to show CT images of a dead body.
“I also felt conflicted [about revealing the photos],” Seo said, “But given the significance of the case, I decided to release them in accordance with legal boundaries because the public needs to know.”
One of the biggest suspicions among the public was the severe rate of decay of the dead body. Both police and prosecutors said that Yoo was alive through May 25 based on testimony of Yoo’s secretary and bodily fluids found at the Suncheon villa. If that is true, the body had 17-18 days to decompose before it was found in the plum orchard by a farmer on June 12.
The agency said that such a rate of decay is plausible. The National Forensic Service aired video footage showing an experiment conducted by a forensic anthropology center in Tennessee, the United States.
“In the video, a dead body almost completely turned into a skeleton within ten days and is rotted away,” said Lee Han-young, a head of Forensic Medicine Department of the National Forensic Service.
“In this case, the dead body is more severely decayed than Yoo’s dead body,” Lee continued, “A domestic experiment on animals also shows that a dead body can turn into a skeleton only within five to six days if the weather and temperature conditions are conducive.”
Three external forensic experts who participated in the autopsy expressed their views on the autopsy results, saying that the examination was conducted in a reliable way.
One of the outside experts raised the possibility of hypothermia on the grounds that the body appeared to be trying to get out of its clothes.
“Many would think that May and June are warm,” said Kang Shin-mong, a forensic expert at Catholic University of Korea’s School of Medicine, “but when it rains, older people like Yoo might feel cold.”
“And people affected by hypothermia often try to get rid of their clothes before death,” Kang said.
In the picture, the corpse is pulled up and the shoes are taken off. Despite the agency’s efforts to tame the howls of disbelief by the public, questions keep arising.
A lawmaker of the main opposition New Politics Alliance for Democracy raised suspicions that the dead body was actually discovered before the Sewol ferry disaster, citing taped interviews with five residents of Suncheon Village, where Yoo’s remains were found.
Representative Park Ji-won played the tapes at a meeting on Wednesday.
The interviews have residents saying that they discovered the decomposed body ahead of the Sewol ferry disaster on April 16.
“I interviewed five residents saying that they found the body before the ferry disaster,” Park said, “I think they [police] might have switched the bodies.”
And the blunders keep occurring.
The Suncheon Police Station found a pair of spectacles 1.5 kilometers away from the orchard where Yoo was found and 500 meters away from Yoo’s vacation villa Thursday, saying the item appeared to belong to Yoo.
But it was revealed yesterday that the glasses actually belonged to a farmer in the village.
BY PARK EUN-JEE [firstname.lastname@example.org]
Correction and rebuttal statement by the Evangelical Baptist Church
The Korea JoongAng Daily, regarding the reports since April 16, 2014, about the Evangelical Baptist Church (EBC) and Yoo Byung-eun, is publishing the following corrections and an excerpt from the rebuttal statement by the EBC.
Through three past investigations by the prosecution, it has been revealed that Yoo and the EBC, also known as the “Salvation Group” and Guwonpa in Korean, are not related to the Odaeyang mass suicide incident. That was also confirmed by the prosecution in its official statement on May 21. The prosecution’s investigation also found that Yoo had not made an attempt to smuggle himself out of the country or seek political asylum in France. We, therefore, correct the concerned reports.
Yoo retired from his executive management position in 1997. He did not own any shares in the noted companies, nor had he managed operations or used the operating funds for personal reasons. There are no grounds to call him the actual owner and chairman of the company. As such, he did not provide any directives in regards to the overloading of the Sewol ferry or its renovation.
It was verified that the captain and crew members who abandoned ship at the time of the Sewol ferry accident are not members of the EBC. It has also been verified that the EBC does not own any shares of Chonghaejin Marine Company and did not engage in its management.
The EBC’s position is that the museums in the United States and Europe can never authorize an exhibition unless the artistic value of an artist’s works is recognized by the screening committee, irrespective of the amount of money an artist donates. The EBC’s position is that the exhibitions were not a result of Mr. Yoo’s patronage or donation, and Yoo also has not coerced Chonghaejin and its affiliates to purchase his photos.
The EBC states that Yoo did not participate in the foundation of the EBC in 1981, and the church does not offer him the title “pastor.” It also says a significant part of the 240 billion won ($206 million) worth of assets suspected of belonging to the Yoo family are real estate properties owned by the farming associations, which had been established by church members.
The EBC states that there are certain churches in Korea that call the EBC a cult, solely based on differences between their’s and the EBC’s doctrines.
But the EBC does not worship a particular individual as a religious sect leader or preach any doctrine that contradicts the Bible.