North mentions ‘reform through labor’ camps

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North mentions ‘reform through labor’ camps

A North Korean official publicly acknowledged to the international community the existence of his country’s “reform through labor’’ camps Tuesday, a mention that appeared to come in response to a highly critical UN human rights report earlier this year.

Diplomats for the reclusive, impoverished country also told reporters that a top North Korean official had visited the headquarters of the European Union and expressed interest in dialogue, with discussions on human rights expected next year.

North Korea’s deputy UN ambassador Ri Tong-il said the secretary of his country’s ruling Workers’ Party had visited the EU, and that “we are expecting end of this year to open political dialogue between the two sides.” The human rights dialogue would follow.

In Brussels, an EU official confirmed a recent North Korea meeting with the EU’s top human rights official, Stavros Lambrinidis, but said any dialogue currently planned is limited to rights issues.

Choe Myong-nam, a North Korean foreign ministry official in charge of UN affairs and human rights issues, said at a briefing with reporters that his country has no prison camps and, in practice, “no prison, things like that.’’

But he briefly discussed the “reform through labor’’ camps.

“Both in law and practice, we do have ‘reform through labor’ detention camps - no, detention centers - where people are improved through their mentality and look on their wrongdoings,” he said.

Such “re-education” labor camps are for common offenders and some political prisoners, but most political prisoners are held in a harsher system of political prison camps.

The North Korean officials took several questions but did not respond to one about the health of leader Kim Jong-un, who has made no public appearances since Sept. 3 and skipped a recent high-profile event he usually attends.

The officials said they don’t oppose human rights dialogue as long as the issue isn’t used as a “tool for interference.” Their briefing seemed timed in advance of the latest resolution on North Korea and human rights that the EU and Japan put to the UN General Assembly every year.

The North Korean briefing concerned a lengthy human rights report it released last month in response to a UN commission of inquiry that concluded the authoritarian government had committed crimes against humanity. “We dare say that the case of human rights in the DPRK exceeds all others in duration, intensity and horror,” commission head Michael Kirby told the UN Security Council in April.

The report’s February release put the North on the defensive. Its public acknowledgement Tuesday of the reform camps, and its overture to the EU human rights chief, were signs that Pyongyang now realizes the discussion of its human rights record won’t fade away, said Greg Scarlatoiu, executive director of the Washington-based Committee for Human Rights in North Korea.

He said the mention of the reform camps was the first direct acknowledgement by a North Korean official speaking before an international audience. Last month, a senior court official mentioned the reform camps’ existence in an interview with the pro-Pyongyang website Minjok Tongshin.

“While the North Korean human rights record remains abysmal, it is very important that senior North Korean officials are now speaking about human rights and expressing even pro forma interest in dialogue,” Scarlatoiu said in an email. “The North Korean strategic approach to human rights issues used to be to simply ignore reports by international NGOs, government agencies or UN bodies. Human rights used to just go away, out-competed by nukes, missiles and military provocations.”

While he called the mention of the reform through labor camps “a modest step in the right direction,” he stressed that this wasn’t an acknowledgement by North Korea of the harsher system of political prison camps, which are estimated to hold 120,000 people.

The North’s own report on its human rights system accuses the United States and its allies of a campaign aimed at interfering in Pyongyang’s affairs “and eventually overthrowing the social system by fabricating ‘human rights issue’ of the DPRK to mislead international opinions,” its preface says.

Param-Preet Singh, a senior counsel for Human Rights Watch who attended the briefing along with a number of diplomats from other countries, said the significance of the event was that North Korea held it at all. The country used to be seen as “impervious to pressure,” she said. AP

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