Inflation falls, anxiety rises
Real inflation is far lower than the Bank of Korea’s target rate of 2.5 percent to 3.5 percent.
Compared to October, prices fell 0.2 percent in November. In September and October, month-on-month consumer prices contracted.
In November, lower prices for agricultural and petrochemical products were the main reason for the overall slow growth.
Mild autumn weather helped farms produce bumper crops, the Ministry of Strategy and Finance said in a separate report.
As a result, agricultural, cattle and fisheries prices dropped 0.9 percent month-on-month.
Petrochemical products plunged 2.7 percent month-on-month due to steep declines in international oil prices.
The core inflation index, excluding agricultural and petrochemical prices, barely grew 1.6 percent year-on-year, the lowest rate since August 2013.
Prices of daily necessities inched up 0.7 percent, hovering below 1 percent for the past four months.
The finance ministry said, however, the consumer price growth trend is similar to that of previous years in that prices typically decline near the end of the year.
Although the country’s inflation index continued to go downhill, the government and the central bank have been too optimistic about the situation. Because low inflation lessens the burden on consumers, the central bank and government have been trying to hold the rate of growth down.
Finance Minister Choi Kyung-hwan and his economic team also seem to lack any sense of urgency with regard to low inflation.
Due to the 1 percent inflation rate continuing for nearly two years, the government reduced its meetings on inflation issues from 31 in 2012 to seven last year. This year, such meetings were held only twice, ahead of the Lunar New Year and Chuseok holidays.
But experts say the Korean economy is on the brink of falling into deflation and Japan’s so-called lost decade could become our story, too.
When Japan started to experience deflation, the country ignored it as if it were happening in another country, said Hong Sung-kuk, vice president of Daewoo Securities.
BY SONG SU-HYUN [firstname.lastname@example.org]
with the Korea JoongAng Daily
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