Trade surplus in autos fell by nearly 5% in 2014
According to the customs agency, the total export value of Korean cars was $43.9 billion last year, up 1.6 percent from a year earlier, while the value of imports hit $7.97 billion, which is a 45 percent increase from a year ago. As a result, the country’s trade surplus decreased 4.8 percent year-on-year to $35.9 billion in 2014.
The KCS report also showed that the average price per unit of cars shipped abroad was $14,316 last year, which is just 1.6 percent higher than in 2013, while the average unit price of imports was $31,144, up 4.5 percent year-on-year.
By country, the United States was the largest buyer of Korean cars, accounting for more than 85 percent of exports, followed by the United Kingdom, Australia and Mexico. For imports, Koreans preferred German cars, which accounted for more than 81 percent of all cars brought into the country, followed by vehicles from Japan and the United Kingdom.
In terms of car size, exports of city cars, which have an engine displacement of 1,000cc or less, decreased 15.3 percent year-on-year, but gasoline cars with engine displacements of between 1,000cc and 1,500cc increased 6.2 year-on-year. Cars with an engine displacement of more than 2,000cc increased 6.3 percent year-on-year.
The import value of gasoline cars with an engine displacement between 1,000cc and 1,500cc increased by more than 600 percent last year over 2013, while imports of diesel cars of that size were up 1,500 percent.
“As the growth of imports is larger than the growth of Korean car exports, the trade surplus last year dropped,” the customs agency said. “The result was also due to Korean automakers increasing overseas production of parts, then exporting the cars from home turf.”
BY JOO KYUNG-DON [email@example.com]