Financial groups weather 2014
Although Woori, KDB and Citibank decided to abandon the group model, citing inefficiency, the eight financial groups that survived posted higher net profits and increased assets in a difficult environment last year, according to a Financial Supervisory Service report on Wednesday.
Shinhan remains the largest financial group in terms of assets and net profit, followed by Nonghyup, Hana and KB.
Earnings by the country’s bank holding companies more than doubled in 2014 from a year earlier, the report said.
Total net profit of the eight local holding companies stood at 6.15 trillion won ($5.6 billion) on a consolidated basis in 2014, nearly double the previous year.
The increase in net profit is largely attributable to a series of securities brokerage and insurance company acquisitions, the report said.
Standard Chartered Korea, the local branch of the London-based financial institution, was the only group that posted a net loss - 3.3 billion won.
Nonghyup Financial Group gained 365.5 billion won by buying the securities and insurance affiliates of the former Woori Financial Group, the report noted.
Shinhan Financial Group was at the top of the 2014 net profit list with 2.08 trillion won, followed by KB Financial Group (1.23 trillion won) and Hana Financial Group (912.6 billion won).
Shinhan also topped the consolidated asset list with 338 trillion won.
The effectiveness of the financial holding group system was called into question 14 years after it was introduced due to an internal conflict at KB Financial Group over changing the bank’s operating system last year.
Unlike initial expectations that the holding company system would help improve transparency and competitiveness by enlarging financial institutions, there has been disruption and delays in the decision-making process at some groups. That has been a drag on actual growth and damaged reputations, said an executive at one of the disbanded groups.
The government introduced the financial holding company system as law in 2000 to increase industry competitiveness after the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. Having banking, insurance, securities and credit card businesses under one group was supposed to lead to synergy. The government cited the cases of JPMorgan Group and Citi Group in the United States.
Woori, whose holding company got disbanded and flagship bank is undergoing privatization, was launched in 2001 as the first financial group in the country. The government created the group by integrating five struggling banks.
After the promotion of the law, major private banks jumped on the bandwagon and created holding companies. In April 2001, Shinhan Financial Group was formed, and in 2005, Hana Financial Group was launched.
BY SONG SU-HYUN [firstname.lastname@example.org]
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