[Sponsored Report] History, nature and diplomacy made Jeju a peace symbol
In February 1988, South Korea’s President Roh Tae-woo announced in his inaugural address a foreign policy doctrine of “nordpolitik” as Korea responded to the close of the Cold War era. It aimed to normalize diplomatic relations with Communist states ? the Soviet Union, China, and the Eastern European bloc ? and thereby isolate Communist North Korea.
In September 1990, South Korea and the Soviet Union established diplomatic ties. This was a tremendous shock to the North, a traditional ally of the Soviets. The Soviet president, Mikhail Gorbachev, was conscious of North Korea’s reaction and the South Korea-Soviet summit in April 1991 was held in Jejurather than in Seoul.
The meeting of Roh and Gorbachev was a milestone in the ending of the Cold War, and Jeju islanders launched a campaign to have the island designated an “island of peace” for global peace and common prosperity.
Important diplomatic events were held frequently on Jeju. In April 1996, President Kim Young-sam and U.S. President Bill Clinton met there. That June came a meeting between Kim and Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto. Earlier, China’s President Jiang Zemin, who had helped establish diplomatic relations between Korea and China in August 1992, played a banquet hall piano there.
The Korean government eventually declared Jeju an “Island of World Peace” on Jan. 27, 2005. The declaration wasn’t based solely on Jeju developing as a mecca for summit diplomacy and tourism, frequented by world leaders. The government also considered Jeju islanders’ will for reconciliation and human rights in light of the “April 3rd Uprising,” a tragedy in the period of 1947-54 in which tens of thousands of civilians died amid the ideological confusion of the post-liberation era.
The “Island of World Peace” designation is also based on Jeju islanders’ folk traditions of self-reliance and pride, symbolized by the “three absences”- no beggars, no thieves, and no gates. The “three absences” embody cultural traditions for an upright, self-sufficient and peaceful community life, in spite of the adverse conditions of rocky unproductive soils and rough seas.
Apart from Jeju, there are some well-known peace cities in the world: Hiroshima, Japan, hit by nuclear weapons, embraces the ideals of antiwar peace and denuclearization, while Osnabruck, Germany, in consideration of the Treaty of Westphalia and the Holocaust memorial, propagates a culture of fraternity and tolerance. The two were declared peace cities by their local councils. In contrast, Jeju was designated and signed into law as an “Island of World Peace” by the central government.
In order to realize the ideal of an “Island of World Peace,” the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province established the Jeju Peace Institute in March 2006 as a research and international exchange hub. The Jeju Peace Institute holds the Jeju Forum for Peace and Prosperity in May every year.
The Jeju International Peace Center, officially opened in September 2006, has become a site of peace education and exhibits waxworks of world leaders who have visited Jeju. Also, the Jeju International Training Center is affiliated with the United Nations Institute for Training and Research and opened in October 2010.
Furthermore, in remembrance of the April 3rd uprising, the Jeju April 3rd Peace Foundation was established in 2008 and the April 3rd Peace Park will soon be completed. Furthermore, the Korean government decided this year to designate April 3rd as a national memorial day, suggesting that true reconciliation is near.
In international projects, Jeju Province has implemented official development assistance programs since 2007, including building schools and libraries, donating medical devices, and improving housing in Mongolia, the Philippines, East Timor, Cambodia, Vietnam and India. Having almost finished 17 existing peace projects, the province is now preparing to begin additional projects for world peace.
This is all happening within the context of territorial and historical conflicts across the East Asian region that have heightened tensions. Song Min-soon, a former Korean foreign minister, recently urged the heads of the Korean, U.S., Chinese, and Japanese delegations to have four-party talks on Jeju, the “Island of World Peace,” to increase cooperation and harmony across the western Pacific.
The “Island of World Peace,” which has pursued East Asian peace through the Korea-China-Japan summit in 2009 and the Korea-ASEAN special summit in 2010, continues to spread the spirit of peace.