Songdo’s ambitions partly fulfilled
On the outside, the development of the most sophisticated city on the west coast seems to be well underway. But when you look at Songdo a little more closely, you can see it still has a long way to go.
One of the biggest struggles Songdo faces in becoming an international city is attracting international companies. Since 2004, the city has been trying to convince foreign companies to open up business there.
As of 2013, there are 836 companies operating some kind of business within the city. The major Korean companies are Posco E&C, Posco Engineering, Daewoo International, Samsung Biologics, Samsung Bioepis and Kolon Global. The rest are small and midsize companies.
It would be easy for Songdo to attract major foreign companies if the headquarters of major Korean conglomerates relocate to the city. But such cases are rare. In the case of the construction arm of the nation’s No. 1 steel manufacturer Posco, it relocated to Songdo because it is involved in most of the development projects. For other conglomerates, there are no good reasons to move out to the west coast.
Even with its fancy business district, convention center and international school, Songdo still falls far short of other major international cities in Asia such as Hong Kong or Singapore. And its biggest competition lies not very far to the east: Seoul itself.
“It is true that in the case of Songdo, we have taken the shape of an international city,” said Ji Chang-yeol, a development and planning official at the Incheon Free Economic Zone (IFEZ) Authority. “However, we have had difficulties attracting major Korean conglomerates that would help bring in foreign companies due to the large number of property- and development-related regulations.”
Songdo wants to reel in knowledge-based service industries such as bio technologies, MICE (meeting, incentive, conference and exhibition) companies, research institutes and international schools.
The city in Incheon has attracted middle and upper class investors from posh Gangnam with its grand ambitions. Many believed that the city had high development potential.
The popularity of the Chadwick international school knows no bounds. Some of Korea’s rich and famous have relocated to Songdo just so their children could enroll in the school.
The Jack Nicklaus Golf Club in the southwest of the city near the west coast has been holding local and international golf tournaments. The PGA’s Presidents Cup is scheduled to take place in October there.
The 370,000-square meter (442,516-sqauare yard) central park in the heart of the city has been attracting large numbers of visitors every weekend, including from outside the city.
At Songdo’s knowledge information complex, the city is working on creating an industrial cluster that can host local and foreign companies’s research and development centers. One of such center is Samsung Biologics.
At Songdo’s global university campus, several foreign schools have started some courses there, including the State University of New York, University of Utah, George Mason University and Belgium’s Ghent University. There are currently 650 students attending the four foreign schools.
Additionally, freshmen from Yonsei University are based on the Yonsei International Campus in Songdo. Including graduate students, there are some 5,000 students studying on the campus in Songdo. If you combined the 15,000 students attending Incheon National University, there are over 20,000 college students in the city.
The target is to have a population of 259,000 people in the city with 101,000 residential households. Today 24,000 households have moved into Songdo, while units for 16,000 more are under construction. There are 70,000 people living in the city.
The main city district has been completed and the knowledge and information industry complex and bio complex are nearly complete.
The construction of the international business district is half done and 17,000 residential housing units have been pre-sold before construction. The district, which will have apartments, hotels, a shopping mall and offices, is expected to provide residential housing for 17,000 households.
The so-called landmark city will be constructing housing for 26,000 households, and business and commercial buildings. Originally, the city was planning two 151-story buildings. That plan was scrapped after the global financial meltdown in 2008.
“We’re redrafting our plans for the landmark city, which will likely delay the development significantly,” said Park Young-suh of the IFEZ Authority.
BY CHOI YOUNG-JIN [firstname.lastname@example.org]