Ethnic Korean painter’s art arrives from Russia
In efforts to help Koreans find a missing part in their understanding of the 20th-century art history, the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (MMCA) started the first-ever large-scale retrospective of Pen at its Deoksu Palace branch in central Seoul on Thursday.
About 200 pieces of Pen’s paintings, etchings, lithographs and drawings are on view in the exhibition, which celebrates the artist’s 100th birthday. There are also 70 pieces of reference items, including Pen’s report to the Soviet Union’s Culture Ministry on his trip to North Korea. He was dispatched by the ministry to Pyongyang in 1953 to help the North re-establish its university of fine art and teach styles and techniques of Russian academism and Socialist realism. He stayed there for 15 months.
The exhibition is divided into four parts. Part 1 “Panorama of Leningrad” features posters and paintings of Socialist realism. They include the painting of a fisherwoman portrayed as a “socialist heroine” due to her labor and fecundity and the etching of a village’s people joyful at the Communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin’s visit. Pen created the works as a professor of the Ilya Repin Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, which is a leading Russian art educational institution, now called the Russian Academy of Arts.
Part 2 “Portraits of Souls” features Pen’s portrait paintings of various people that encompass his colleagues in the academy, writers, actors and his own family members. The exhibits include the portrait of the writer Boris Pasternak, best known for the novel “Doctor Zhivago” and that of his mother in hanbok or Korean traditional clothes, which he painted in his later years, missing his roots.
“The artist’s mother and sister were forced to move from Primorsky Krai in the East, where he was born, to Uzbekistan, by the Stalin regime’s policy, while he was exempted from the mass deportation of ethnic Koreans as he was an art institute student,” explained Park Hye-sung, curator of the exhibition.
Part 3 “Journey to Pyongyang” features the paintings and drawings Pen created during or after his stay in Pyongyang. He could never visit North Korea again after the stay, because Pyongyang prohibited it due to complicated political reasons including his reject to be naturalized as a North Korean citizen and the cooled relations between the North and the Soviet Union after the death of Stalin.
“Not only his works but also his life itself show the turbulent history of the Korean Peninsula, Russia and the whole Eurasia,” Park said.
“He missed the Korean Peninsula so much that he painted the landscapes of Russia with pine trees that resembled those of Korea in his latter years,” she continued. “He also painted the Mount Kumgang based on his memory.”
His son and daughter, Sergey and Olga, who are both artists like their father, said in the press preview their father didn’t talk about South Korea as he never visited the country but he had always interest in it.
“When some South Koreans visited the Soviet Union for some event in the early 1980s, my father went there to talk with them,” Sergey said.
BY MOON SO-YOUNG [firstname.lastname@example.org]
Admission is 3,000 won ($2.50) for adults. It includes the Deoksu Palace admission, which is 1,000 won. The palace is closed on Mondays. Go to Seoul City Hall Station, line No. 2, exit 10 and walk for five minutes.
For more information visit www.mmca.go.kr or call (02) 2022-0600.