Lessons from history
I wanted to talk to 84-year-old Peng Qian as I prepared for the special feature on the 50th anniversary of the Cultural Revolution. I had hoped to visit the Cultural Revolution Museum he had founded and discuss the legacy of the revolution on today’s China and Chinese people. Upon retiring from his service as a deputy mayor of Shantou, Guangdong Province, Peng discovered some 70 untended graves on Tashan Mountain, a local tourist attraction, in 2003. They were the graves of the victims of the Cultural Revolution. The madness of the Cultural Revolution had hit even Shantou, one of the most remote regions in China.
Peng himself was also a victim of the Cultural Revolution. When he was the deputy secretary of the province, he was branded as a follower of capitalism and suffered countless criticism sessions. He had a sense of indebtedness as a survivor, and he used his own assets and donations to build the only Cultural Revolution Museum in China. Along with the exhibitions on the tragedy, he has also erected a memorial monument and tombstones and held memorial services every year.
But due to his health, he recently transferred operation and management to the local government, and the museum lost its original significance. The walls have coverings, and the monument and the entrance are covered with posters promoting “Chinese Dream” and “Key Values of Socialism.” The museum that had been in operation without much trouble for over 10 years has been shut down in the 50th anniversary of the Cultural Revolution.
The People’s Daily ran one editorial claiming that the Cultural Revolution is settled in the 1980s and remains silent. It was practically an order not to discuss the past that has already been finalized by the official resolution of the Communist Party. It also proves that the Communist Party still finds the Cultural Revolution uncomfortable after a half century. And the discomfort tells us that the history has not been settled. Research on the Cultural Revolution is still a taboo.
It is human instinct unwilling to remember the painful past. But some memories cannot be forgotten no matter how hard you try. The Cultural Revolution is such trauma for the Communist Party. Also, it is a collective memory that can never be forgotten. The only way to reduce the pain is to remember the painful past and never to repeat such catastrophe. History records not just the memories of glory but the memories of regrets.
While Peng was reluctant to answer my questions, he made his point when I asked why he established the museum. “I want to contribute to the efforts to learn from the history and not to repeat the tragedy.” In fact, “learning lessons from history” is a phrase Chinese leaders like to use.
JoongAng Ilbo, May 31, Page 30
*The author is the Beijing bureau chief of the JoongAng Ilbo.