Abe’s strategy for Trump
Also, Abe met with a heavyweight in Trump’s camp: Wilbur Ross, Trump’s pick for Commerce Secretary. Ross is known as a pro-Japanese figure with long relationship with Japan. Abe reportedly asked for understanding of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, it was revealed after Trump’s victory. Initially, Ross had supported TPP, but now, he is with Trump on the issue.
Abe is known to be obsessed with TPP. Right before the U.S. Presidential election, Abe went on with the TPP ratification process and successfully had the lower house pass the bill the day after Trump’s election, a pressure on the president-elect. TPP is interconnected with Abe’s domestic and foreign strategies. He wants to set up a U.S. and Japan-led trade order to check on China.
It is a preemptive move before China establishes new multilateral trade and investment rules. TPP is a sign of America’s pivot to Asia. Japan wants to relate TPP with security order comprehensively. Domestically, TPP is related to Abenomics. Abe has used deregulation for TPP as a growth strategy.
In a meeting with Trump in New York on November 17, Abe explained the TPP ratification process in Japan. He also promoted diplomacy to keep TPP at the APEC summit meeting in Peru. However, Trump remained firm. Four days after the meeting, he said that he would announce withdrawal from TPP on the first day of his inauguration next year.
Abe has lost face. At the parliament, the opposition party demanded his explanation. Now that Trump has made it clear that the United States was leaving TPP, they asked why they were spending time and taxpayers money reviewing the ratification bill. TPP cannot take effect without the ratification of the United States.
However, Abe did not give up. He extended the Diet session to mid-December for ratification of TPP in the upper house. On Dec. 1, Abe said, “Japan has the role to deliver the importance of making the rules of free trade to the world. We will pass the bill as soon as possible to persuade the United States the meaning of TPP.” He is determined to convince Trump and save TPP. Japan is watching Trump’s view on the U.S.-Japan alliance and approach on China.
Japan is getting a grip on itself in preparation for the Trump variable. Japan seems to have strategic patience to turn Trump’s attention to Asia from America First and isolationism. The beginning of Trump’s era forewarns changes in the Asia-Pacific region. It may bring another shockwave in addition to China’s sudden rise. Korea needs to minimize the domestic turmoil’s impact on foreign relations.
JoongAng Ilbo, Dec. 3, Page 26
*The author is the Tokyo bureau chief of the JoongAng Ilbo.