Lessons from Park’s failures
The president was blamed for the void of communication in the government system. She kept to her private chambers, and even her chief of staff had trouble meeting her. Her aloofness caused great damage to the economic governance. The president should have met with the deputy prime minister for the economy often to keep the command centre busy. The president had the duty to set the policy direction and coordinate differences. The president should have bestowed the deputy prime minister full authority to execute policies and make the necessary appointments.
Her father Park Chung Hee commanded economic affairs as if fighting a war. He checked everything from fertilizer factories to nuclear reactors and often paid visits to manufacturing sites for exports in the 1960s. He called in the working-level officials ahead of introducing value-added sales tax in 1977.
Another military general-turned president Chun Doo Hwan relayed economic authority to his deputy prime minister, saying he knew little about the economy. The ministers chose their own people. The bureaucratic organization was disciplined and full of will. Achievements spoke for themselves. Those with proven capacity were promoted. There was no need for kowtowing and room for favoritism.
Park did neither. She did not meet with the deputy prime minister often nor gave him any power. Her puzzling behavior was explained after the Choi Soon-sil scandal broke. Park was used to keeping to herself and her inner circle. Things did not change even in an emergency situation. Aides could not meet her to report on urgent affairs. The economy command stayed impotent throughout the last four years.
She was a disaster in appointments as well. She placed people without any relevance as ministers, vice ministers, and presidential secretaries. Hopes for surprises were dashed when many of them proved to be useless. In some government organizations, no replacements were made over the last four years. Frequent changes are a problem, but keeping the same person in a certain position without clear reason also is not fair.
Because her choice of people was random, people around her often were ineligible and colorless. She was surrounded by scholars with ambitions for high-profile public jobs. When they earned favor from the president, they ended up in top seats at the government and state organizations, worsening inefficiency in governance. Yet she still kept her ears shut. She snubbed a reporter who pointed out her problem of lacking communication. Her first and last deputy prime ministers for economy Hyun Oh-seok and Yoo Il-ho both could not answer when they were asked on how often they met with the president.
The U.S. and Japanese presidents hold tea time or roundtable discussions with their cabinet leaders. The presidential candidates should draw lesson from Park’s failures. Upon winning, the nominee should immediately name the deputy prime minster for the economy in his shadow cabinet and normalize the economic command system. Sejong city must no longer be left abandoned. Because the ministers and vice ministers are mostly away in Seoul, the bureaucratic organization runs without direction and discipline. The first thing the next president should do is normalize order in and communication with the bureaucratic community.
JoongAng Ilbo, March 20, Page 28
*The author is an editorial writer of the JoongAng Ilbo.