New jobs rate stuck at the 100,000 level for 3rd month
According to Statistics Korea, the number of people with jobs in April totaled 26.9 million, which is 123,000 more than a year ago. While in January 334,000 jobs were created, that figure dropped to 104,000 in February and 112,000 in March.
This is the first stretch since the global financial meltdown of 2008 in which newly created jobs remained below 200,000. In August of 2008, 177,000 new jobs were created and the figure remained under 200,000 until February 2010.
For the first time in 11 months, jobs in manufacturing actually shrunk 1.5 percent year-on-year, a loss of 68,000 jobs. Several manufacturing industries are struggling, including autos and shipbuilding.
“As the number of people employed in manufacturing, which has enjoyed continuous growth since last June, shrunk, the level of new jobs has fallen to 100,000 for three consecutive months,” said Bin Hyun-joon of the employment statistics division of Statistics Korea. “We also have to consider the fact that 420,000 were newly hired in April last year, which makes this year’s figure relatively lower.”
Lodgings and restaurants lost 28,000 jobs, a 1.2 percent drop. Small hotels and restaurants are suffering from a hike in the minimum wage at the beginning of the year. The government raised the minimum wage more than 16 percent.
Retail and wholesale aren’t doing much better. Jobs in that sector fell 1.6 percent, a loss of 610,000 positions.
The biggest increase was seen in the public sector, which added 810,000 jobs last month, up 7.8 percent. The health and welfare sector saw 144,000 jobs created, up 7.5 percent. The financial and insurance sector hired 610,000 more last month, up 7.8 percent.
Youth unemployment, which has been this government’s particular area of focus, improved slightly compared to the previous month but still remained high.
In March, the unemployment rate for people between the ages of 15 and 29 was 11.6 percent. That figure dropped to 10.7 percent last month.
The Moon administration has been trying to push a 4 trillion won ($3.7 billion) supplementary budget through the National Assembly.
On Monday the ruling and opposition parties agreed to vote on the supplementary budget on Friday. But that agreement seemed threatened by complaints by opposition parties about the limited time they have to go through the details of the budget.
On Tuesday, speaker Chung Sye-kyun asked for a preliminary review to be concluded by 9:30 a.m. Wednesday.
Party for Democracy and Peace floor leader Jang Byung-wan, a former minister of planning and budget, criticized the limited review time.
“To deliberate on a supplementary budget bill, the government must explain the need for it before the Assembly. After a speech by the government, relevant committees start looking into the bill,” Jang said. “No extra budget bill has been put to a vote in just three days.”
The ruling Democratic Party lawmaker Hong Young-pyo has again raised the urgency of the bill, stressing that the budget includes measures to help the job crisis in areas like Gunsan, which has lost a lot of jobs with the closing of GM Korea plant.
“The situation of the automotive and shipbuilding industry, which are the center of [Korea’s] manufacturing sector, is very critical and needs swift action,” Hong said.
“We have no more time to postpone the supplementary budget,” he said.
BY LEE HO-JEONG [firstname.lastname@example.org]