Growth in cars on the road is steadily slowingKorean cars are losing ground to imports from abroad while sales of eco-friendly cars rapidly grow.
Meanwhile, the total number of vehicles on Koreans roads is growing less robustly than in the past.
But growth in the total number of registered vehicles is slowing. In 2015 after growing 4.3 percent year-on-year - the highest rate since 2003 - growth fell to 3.9 percent in 2016 and 3.3 percent in 2017.
“Although the overall growth rate in the total number of registered vehicles has been slowing since 2014, as households owning two to three vehicles become common and single households grow too, the growth of registered vehicles is expected to be steady,” said Lee Dae-seob, head of the motor vehicles management and insurance division at the ministry.
Among the total number of registered vehicles, Korean vehicles still dominate at 90.6 percent or 21 million units. However, while imported cars only accounted for 9.4 percent or 2.17 million vehicles last year, the market share of imported brands has been growing steadily in recent years.
In 2004, foreign brands only accounted for 1 percent of all registered vehicles. In 2012, that figure grew to 4 percent; in 2015 it hit 6.6 percent; in 2017 it reached 8.4 percent. At the current rate of growth foreign brands are expected to exceed the 10 percent threshold for the first time this year.
Foreign brands accounted for 16 percent of all newly sold vehicles last year, which was a record. This is an achievement considering the problem BMWs had with models catching on fire due to a defect in their emission reduction equipment.
The government statistics showed sales of foreign brands have been seeing a sharp increase.
Last year, sales of Korean vehicles fell 2 percent compared to the previous year as foreign brand sales surged 10.8 percent.
eco-friendly vehicles are doing well too. Last year, 461,733 units of such “green” vehicles were registered, increasing their shares of registrations from 1.5 percent in 2017 to 2 percent. The number of electric vehicle more than doubled from 25,108 units in 2017 to 55,756 units last year. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles increased five-fold, from 170 units to 893.
The ministry said people’s interest in environmental protection - particularly with the worsening air pollution of recent years - was a big factor in the sales of eco-friendly cars. Although diesel-fueled vehicles still accounted for 42 percent of all registered cars at over 9.93 million units, their growth rate has slowed down. Last year the number of registered diesel cars grew 3.6 percent compared to the previous year. This was a drop from 4.4 percent in 2017 and almost one third the 8.6 percent growth enjoyed in 2015.
BY LEE HO-JEONG [firstname.lastname@example.org]
with the Korea JoongAng Daily
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