Japan’s new fathersYOON SEOL-YOUNG
The author is a Tokyo correspondent of the JoongAng Ilbo.
In Tokyo, I frequently spot fathers pushing strollers on the weekend. It’s not uncommon to see a father with kids at family restaurants. “Iku-men” — a term referring to fathers in charge of childcare — is not a fad, but has become routine life. The main section of the bookstore I frequent features magazines for fathers, many of which contain articles about products such as “strollers for fathers” and “fashion for fathers,” and it seems like the iku-men are a growing market category.
The Japanese government’s cabinet ministry launched its iku-men project in 2010. As the workforce was facing a shortage and the birth rate needed a boost, bringing mothers back to work after childbirth was a primary goal. It was necessary to change the concept of childcare to include fathers as well as mothers.
The percentage of fathers who take childcare leave was 5.14 percent as of 2017 according to an average of private and government statistics, far lower than Korea’s 10.2 percent. The leave period is short; a full 83.1 percent take less than one month, and 56.9 percent of them take fewer than five days. It is more like a childbirth leave, not childcare leave. Yet Japan’s aggregated birth rate in 2017 was 1.43, higher than Korea’s 1.05.
“Iku-boss,” a concept introduced by the Japanese government in 2014, refers to a boss who offers a work environment that balances both work and childcare. They are prohibited to make threats like “men cannot succeed if they get involved in childcare.” A boss who does not schedule unnecessary meetings, appropriately allocates workload and shares the schedule is already halfway there.
An ideal iku-boss encourages workers on childcare leave to not leave their job. One can become an iku-man without taking childcare leave if he can adjust work hours and use his vacation if needed. One cannot become an iku-man through sheer will. When more bosses become iku-bosses in Korea, we will see more fathers waiting to pick up their kids from day care.
JoongAng Ilbo, March 19, Page 33