By-elections are unkind to DP, Blue House tense
Two vacancies in the National Assembly were filled through the by-elections Wednesday to choose lawmakers to represent Seongsan District in Changwon and Goseong County in Tongyeong, both located in South Gyeongsang. Three local legislative council members representing a district in North Jeolla and two districts in North Gyeongsang were also elected.
Yeo Young-guk of the Justice Party won a narrow victory in Seongsan against his LKP rival, although he was backed by the ruling Democratic Party (DP). The Justice Party and the DP consolidated their candidates last week to unite liberal votes.
Yeo won only by 504 votes, according to the National Election Commission. He scored 45.75 percent of the votes, while his LKP rival, Kang Ki-youn, scored 45.21 percent.
In Goseong of Tongyeong, Jeong Jeom-sig of the LKP won with 59.5 percent. His DP rival recorded 35.99 percent.
The Justice Party will now occupy six seats in the National Assembly and the LKP 114. The DP is currently controlling 128.
In the three by-elections for local council members, the Party for Democracy and Peace (PDP) scored a victory in a district in Jeonju, North Jeolla, its traditional stronghold. The LKP won two other districts in North Gyeongsang.
The mood was tense in the ruling party and the Blue House.
While the presidential office had no official reaction, the DP’s floor leader, Rep. Hong Young-pyo, said Thursday that “We will humbly accept the people’s sentiments displayed in the by-elections.”
A three-term ruling party lawmaker said real estate speculation scandals involving former presidential spokesman Kim Eui-kyeom and minister nominees enraged the public, and voters reacted accordingly. An apology from the administration is necessary, he said.
Anther DP lawmaker said the party’s defeats even in the local council by-elections were because of the Moon Jae-in administration’s failure to resolve economic issues. “It’s a warning about the economic crisis and appointment fiasco,” he said.
Later Thursday, presidential Chief of Staff Noh Young-min attended a hearing at the National Assembly’s House Steering Committee and issued an apology for the recent fiasco in minister nominations. “I apologize to the people for causing concerns over the appointment issues,” Noh said. “We will be more prudent in making nominations and strengthen vetting to meet the people’s expectations.”
It was Noh’s first apology for the reshuffle crisis. Of seven ministers nominated in March, one voluntarily resigned and Moon withdrew the nomination for another after skeletons surfaced from their pasts.
LKP Chairman Hwang Kyo-ahn was ebullient. “The people made a stern judgment on the Moon administration,” he said. “The election outcome is the people’s order to the administration that it must change its wrong-headed policies.”
He stressed that it was noteworthy that the LKP’s defeat in Seongsan, a traditional stronghold of the liberals, was so narrow. “The DP and the Justice Party formed an electoral alliance to field one candidate,” Hwang said. “And yet, they scored only a narrow victory against us. This shows that the people will no longer accept the arrogance and high-handedness of this administration.”
Hwang said the LKP is even more hopeful it will win next year’s general election. This week’s by-elections were Hwang’s first test, after starting his political career in February by winning the chairmanship of the conservative party in the aftermath of the impeachment and ouster of former President Park Geun-hye.
Last year, the LKP suffered crushing defeats in local elections. Of 17 metropolitan city mayors and provincial governor posts, the LKP won only two - Daegu and North Gyeongsang - while the DP won 14.
The DP’s popularity was particularly strong in South Gyeongsang, where Moon’s key associate - Kim Kyoung-soo - won the governorship. The DP also won mayor races in Changwon and Tongyeong, where Wednesday’s by-elections took place.
The sentiment, however, quickly changed in the region, as the LKP concentrated its campaign on blaming the Moon administration for poor performances in the economy, in particular.
The Justice Party, after gaining one seat on Wednesday, was sanguine that it will soon restore its position as a negotiation bloc inside the legislature. As of now, the National Assembly has three negotiation blocs - the DP, LKP and the Bareunmirae Party.
A negotiation bloc requires at least 20 lawmakers and gives a party stronger powers in National Assembly activities to negotiate bills and legislative calendars. The party also gets a bigger financial subsidy from the state.
The Justice Party had briefly formed a negotiation bloc, known as “Peace and Justice,” with the 14-member PDP in April 2018. It lost that status after Justice Party Rep. Roh Hoe-chan committed suicide last July during a bribery investigation. With Roh’s death, the Justice Party was down to five lawmakers and the negotiation bloc was dismantled.
On Wednesday, the Justice Party won the very same district Roh used to represent.
“After forming a negotiation bloc with the PDP, we will play a role to normalize the stalled legislative operation,” said Rep. Youn So-ha, floor leader of the Justice Party, said Thursday.
It remains to be seen if the plan will be followed through, however. “There are more lawmakers who oppose the alliance,” said Rep. Chang Byoung-wan, floor leader of the PDP. “We only have one year left before next year’s general elections. The National Assembly’s focus will shift to elections from passing bills.”
Speculation is growing that the PDP was preparing for an alliance with some lawmakers from the Bareunmirae Party. The alliance, if realized, will produce a party with strong backing from the Gwangju and Jeolla regions, and a coalition with the Justice Party won’t be restored.
BY SER MYO-JA [firstname.lastname@example.org]