High school costs start to disappear this yearKorea has taken a first step toward free high school education by exempting all seniors from their entire education expenses starting in the fall semester, the Ministry of Education said Monday.
As most high schools resume classes after summer vacation, about 439,700 high school seniors will not pay for their education during their last semester, the ministry said, noting the per-student benefit amounts to 749,000 won ($620), including tuition, school operation support fees and textbook fees.
The free education program will be expanded to include 880,000 other seniors and juniors next year and 1.26 million high school students of all grades in 2021.
Currently, Korea provides free education for elementary and middle school students.
In April, the Moon Jae-in government and ruling Democratic Party agreed to implement free education in high schools in 2021, as part of efforts to guarantee the people’s right to education and help ordinary people reduce their expenditures on education.
The free education program will cover all types of public and private high schools except for autonomous private schools, foreign language and art high schools.
“Free education will reduce per-student expenses by 1.58 million won a year, helping local households increase their disposable income by 130,000 won every month. It will particularly benefit marginal self-employed people, small merchants, small business employees and other ordinary people,” a ministry official said.
The budget for this year’s free high school education, which totals 252 billion won, will be paid by regional education offices in the 17 metropolitan cities and provinces.
The free high school education program is expected to cost about 2 trillion won annually from next year to 2024.
The government, ruling party and Blue House have submitted a bill calling on the central government and regional education offices to cover 47.5 percent of the total budget, with the remaining 5 percent shouldered by local governments.
But the bill has yet to pass the National Assembly Education Committee, as the main opposition Liberty Korea Party (LKP) has made a counter proposal that the free education schedule be advanced to include all high school students next year. The LKP suspects the selective enforcement of free education for seniors may be pork barrel politics targeting 18-year-olds who can vote in next year’s general elections.