The glass ceiling and floor
The author is a financial team head at the JoongAng Ilbo.
Writer and management consultant Marilyn Loden first used the term “glass ceiling” at the Women’s Action Alliance conference in New York City in 1978.
Referring to the invisible yet unbreakable barrier, she pointed out the practice and culture of implicitly prioritizing white males — regardless of competency — when there is no explicit discrimination in promotion and appointment.
The term “glass ceiling” became widely used after a 1986 Wall Street Journal article discussed the challenges women experience in their careers.
Now, the meaning has expanded to include the obstacles hindering advancement in the corporate ladder within an organization regardless of workers’ skills and qualifications due to ethnicity as well as gender.
The concept of “glass floor” has emerged lately, referring to the barrier hindering the socially vulnerable class from moving up. The establishment that has accumulated social capital selects policies favorable to them as a device to prevent their social and economic downfall.
Richard Reeves, the author of “The Dream Hoarders: How America’s Top 20 Percent Perpetuates Inequality,” argues that dominance of opportunities of the vested interest class through unfair college admissions system and internship programs that require connections creates the glass floor that helps prevent upward social mobility.
On Sept. 27, ruling Democratic Party Chairman Lee Hae-chan proposed a complete investigation on the admissions of high-level government officials — including the children of National Assembly members — in regard to the ever-sprawling allegations about Justice Minister Cho Kuk’s children. Opposition parties, including the opposition Liberty Korea Party, are willing to accept it.
The glass floor is the same thing as the glass ceiling. Preventing certain people from falling to a lower class is like kicking the ladder to prevent others from climbing up.
JoongAng Ilbo, Sept. 30, Page 35