Hyundai Steel halts production at Dangjin electric arc furnace

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Hyundai Steel halts production at Dangjin electric arc furnace

Hyundai Steel’s steel mill in Dangjin, South Chungcheong. [YONHAP]

Hyundai Steel’s steel mill in Dangjin, South Chungcheong. [YONHAP]

Hyundai Steel shut down an electric arc furnace plant in Dangjin, South Chungcheong, on Monday due to a decrease in demand and the plant’s low profitability, the steelmaker confirmed Wednesday.

Hyundai Steel, Korea's second largest steelmaker after Posco, announced it decided to temporarily shut down the plant for a month as demand for hot rolled steel fell. The drop in demand started before the coronavirus outbreak, the company said.
“We decided to temporarily shut down the plant because of its low profitability due to expensive raw materials,” said Yoo Hyeon-gi, a spokesperson for Hyundai Steel. “Hot rolled steel can also be produced at shaft furnaces.”

It is the first time for the plant to halt operation in 15 years since 2005.  
Electric arc furnaces and shaft furnaces are the two primary types of furnaces. They are used to produce steel products used for different purposes. Hot rolled steel from electric arc furnaces is used for construction while those from shaft furnaces is for building shipping, automobile and household appliances.  
Hyundai’s steel mill produces one million tons of steel a year. The company annually produces 24 million tons of the 71 million tons produced in Korea. 
“Considering the annual production size of steel in Korea, Hyundai Steel’s decision to shut down the electric arc furnace plant in Dangjin isn’t a major concern,” said an industry insider who wished to remain anonymous.  
Shutting down a shaft furnace is a much more costly decision, primarily because refractories need to be replaced. But closing an electric arc furnace isn't as disruptive. It can be simply turned back on when the demand rises.  
Due to the relatively simple operation process, electric arc furnace plants can adapt to meet steel demand. “But the elasticity in production has become unnecessary due to the drop in demand,” said Yoo.   
Hyundai Steel will decide whether to completely shut down the electric arc furnace following management-labor negotiations.  
Steel production in the first quarter was hit hard by the coronavirus outbreak. The gloomy outlook could last throughout the third quarter.
“Prices of steel products in China have recovered in April and May, but the off season for steel starting in June on top of an increase in fixed costs due to the on-year drop in production and sales volume could impose a burden on steelmakers throughout the third quarter,” wrote analyst Lee Hyun-soo from Yuanta Securities.
Hyundai Steel suffered 115.4 billion won ($94.84 million) in net loss in the first quarter, a huge loss compared to 114.05 billion won in net profit in the first quarter last year. Its sales declined 7.96 percent during the same period to 4.67 trillion won. 

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