Most want Level 3 social distancing to curb outbreak, poll finds
More than half of Koreans believe the government must ratchet up its social distancing regulations to curb the recent surge in coronavirus cases, according to a new poll published Monday.
Realmeter’s poll, commissioned by YTN, found that 55.9 percent of respondents said it is necessary to escalate the current Level 2 social distancing guidelines to Level 3 in order to contain the situation as soon as possible.
Another 40.1 percent said the decision to escalate the social distancing level must be made prudently, taking into account impacts to the economy.
The government introduced a three-tier social distancing program in June. Alarmed by the recent uptick in cases, the government raised the social distancing guidelines to Level 2 for the entire nation, effective Sunday. Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi had already been raised from Level 1 to 2.
Under the Level 2 measures, any private or public indoor gathering involving 50 people or more, or outdoor meetings involving 100 people or more, will be strictly banned. If it is raised to Level 3, any gathering of more than 10 people will be banned.
Schools and kindergartens would be completely shut down under Level 3 measures. Companies would be advised to order most of their workers to work from home, except for the essential few required to operate the businesses on-site.
From Aug. 10 through Sunday, 2,625 new community-related cases were reported, an average of 187.5 new daily infections. The number is high enough to meet the government standards to raise the social distancing level.
Realmeter’s survey found that 53.9 percent of respondents said elevating the social distancing level is necessary in Seoul, where the Aug. 15 rally protesting the Moon Jae-in administration took place. Public health authorities said the massive protest, participated in by as many as 20,000 people from across the nation, was one of the main sources of the virus outbreak’s abrupt acceleration.
According to the poll, 48.7 percent said the social distancing level should be increased in Gyeonggi and Incheon areas.
In a separate poll conducted by Realmeter, approval ratings for President Moon and his ruling Democratic Party (DP) increased last week. The approval rating of the main opposition United Future Party (UFP), which had overtaken that of the DP in a previous poll, dropped.
Commissioned by YTN, the poll surveyed 2,511 voters nationwide for four days, beginning on Aug. 18. The poll results showed Moon’s approval rating at 46.1 percent, up by 2.8 percentage points from the previous week. His disapproval rating was 50.8 percent, down by 2.8 percentage points.
The DP’s approval rating was 39.7 percent, up by 4.9 percentage points from the previous week. The UFP’s approval rating was 35.1 percent, down by 1.2 percentage points.
The poll had a confidence level of 95 percent and margin of error was plus or minus 2 percentage points.
In the two previous polls — results of which were announced on Aug. 13 and 17 — the UFP’s approval rating had overtaken that of the DP for the first time since the 2016 political scandal that led to President Park Geun-hye’s removal from office.
Last week, the UFP’s rating was 36.3 percent, while the DP’s rating was 34.8 percent.
“The public expectations for the government and the ruling party to execute preventive measures to stop the outbreaks affected the increases in approval ratings of Moon and the DP,” the survey's authors wrote. “Their supporters also united to back the president and the DP as the UFP overtook the ruling party.”
Realmeter said the Aug. 15 rally, organized by the conservatives, effectively stalled the upward trend of the UFP’s approval rating.
Despite the UFP’s stance that it has never endorsed the rally, the DP has said the opposition party condoned the anti-government protest and fueled the resurgence of nationwide infections.
More information about the two surveys is available on the websites of Realmeter and the National Election Survey Deliberation Commission.
BY SER MYO-JA [firstname.lastname@example.org]