Korea rose to fifth-largest car manufacturer in 2020
According to the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy on Thursday, Korean automotive companies manufactured some 3.51 million vehicles in 2020, an 11.2 percent drop from the previous year. But compared to other countries, it performed quite well — the United States saw a 20.8 percent drop, Japan saw a 17.5 percent drop and Germany saw a 28.2 percent drop.
That makes Korea the fifth largest car manufacturing country in the world in 2020, behind China, the United States, Japan and Germany. Korea ranked seventh in 2018 and 2019.
Domestic sales also rose. Last year, 1.89 million vehicles were sold in Korea, a 5.8 percent increase on year. Sales had dipped to 1.81 million in 2018 and 1.78 million in 2019, but bounced back last year.
“With Korean automakers’ introduction of new cars and the government’s policies to boost domestic sales, sales met a record high last year,” said Lee Min-woo, an official from the Automobile and Aerospace Division of the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.
But export volume shrunk.
Exports of cars manufactured in Korea plunged 21.4 percent to 1.89 million vehicles.
Domestic sales of environmentally-friendly vehicles, however, saw record-breaking sales last year.
Sales of electric vehicles (EVs), hybrids and hydrogen-fueled vehicles posted 227,000 last year, a 58.7 percent increase on year. That accounts for 12 percent of total car sales in the domestic market and it is the first time it exceeds the 10 percent mark.
Exports of environmentally friendly vehicles also rose 6.8 percent to 276,000, 19.1 percent of total exports.
EVs were particularly popular. Exports of EVs increased 60.1 percent on year, the largest growth among all eco-friendly vehicles.
“[The popularity of environmentally friendly vehicles] was largely led by Hyundai Motor and Kia Motors, which have been gearing up to develop eco-friendly vehicles,” said Kim Pil-soo, an automotive engineering professor at Daelim University College, who also serves as chair of the Korea Electric Vehicle Association.
BY KIM KI-HWAN, CHEA SARAH [firstname.lastname@example.org]