Despite demand, schools still fail to teach character
“What’s that? Is there such thing?” said Jeong, a high school teacher in Songpa District, southern Seoul. “I’ve never heard of it.”
“We altered what we already had for character education,” said a middle school teacher in Gwanak District, southwestern Seoul, “but we have limited time and budget, so…”
The Character Education Promotion Act was unanimously passed a year go in the National Assembly with the aim of developing students’ characters. Early this year, one autonomous private high school in Seoul made a “character education section” in accordance with guidelines from the Ministry of Education (MOE). Most of the sector’s work, however, consists of keeping their haircut policy and managing ill-mannered students.
“The student affairs department only changed the title of this sector,” revealed one of the school’s teachers. “We don’t do additional character education.”
The Korean Federation of Teachers’ Associations (KFTA), in a study commissioned by the JoongAng Ilbo, polled 804 teachers and 500 parents, which revealed that 45.9 percent did not know about the government’s “Character Education Five-Year Comprehensive Plan.” When asked whether the school properly implemented character education, 55.3 percent answered “no.”
Moreover, 52.8 percent of the school parents surveyed said that the character education of their children’s schools was “mediocre.”
“When my son was in the third grade, he told me he learned how to be compassionate,” said Kim Ji-yeong, 41, in Seoul. “But it was just the teacher citing the definition and students writing it down in a notebook.”
“We have legislated a law after taking public views into consideration, but the MOE is neglecting character education,” said Saenuri rep. Choung Byoung-gug, leader of the National Assembly’s character education action forum, “I think the biggest problem is the government’s lack of awareness.”
The MOE is being criticized for coming out with a “floppy comprehensive plan,” which is the backbone of the character education policy. According to the legislation, MOE was to have a comprehensive plan by the end of last November with a goal to initiate character education in all schools across the nation for this year’s first semester, but the National Character Education Committee that was responsible for planning this was only formed in January. The plan was finalized in February after one mandatory meeting. A member of the committee, who requested to remain anonymous, revealed, “We came out with a preliminary plan by clumsily compiling current policies without any discussion.”
A new semester is about to begin, but plans to implement the character education policy have been delayed by the announcement of the comprehensive plan. From this year’s education budget, 5.5 trillion won ($480 billion), MOE distributed 500 million won for character education specifically. The budget, however, is expected to drop to 360 million won next year. The department of character education that was to operate independently consists of five governmental staffers.
Confusion also arises as different regions have interpreted character education in different ways. While superintendents from progressive areas emphasize civil rights, civic duties and democratic civic education, superintendents from conservative areas put Confucianism at the center, teaching moral and ethical education. A superintendent from a high school in Gwanak District, southwestern Seoul, pointed out, “Because teachers from different areas and schools have different values, there is confusion regarding the concept of character education.”
“Every week, we created and shared programs between teachers but everything fell apart in the first semester,” said Park, a middle school teacher. “Since the MOE and school principals have a lack of interest in character education, it’s hard as a teacher to put it into action, even if it’s meaningful.”
But parents have chosen character education as the top priority, coming in first in all categories (44.8 percent). It was chosen over creativity (20.4 percent) and career-focused education (14.4 percent).
“English and math can be taught in private institutions,” said Lee Min-jae, 39, the father of a sixth grader in Gaepo-dong, southern Seoul. “But character education is another thing.”
In the field, teachers have requested the MOE to proactively expand character education. “The government is essential for changing the values and culture of schools and teachers,” said Mun Gyeong-min, an Eonnam Elementary School teacher in Gyeonggi. “There would be a considerable difference in our field if MOE did this.”
“Just like the adage says, ‘it takes a village to raise a child,’ so society needs to be the core and an example of character education,” Lee Je-hoon, president of ChildFund Korea, remarked. “Instead of thousand words being spoken about character education, all that’s required is a little action.”
BY YUN SUK-MAN, NAM YOON-SEO [firstname.lastname@example.org]