‘Womenomics’ forum focuses on growing female employment
This initiative - also referred to as “womenomics” - has received more attention over the past year under the country’s first female president than any previous administration.
“Statistics show countries with high labor participation by women also have both high birth rates and GDP; hence, increasing female employment actually helps to address social issues tied to low birth rates and also achieves economic growth,” said Cho Yoon-sun, minister of gender equality and family, yesterday.
Cho delivered the keynote speech at the Womenomics Conference hosted by the Asan Institute of Policy Studies, a local think tank, and Goldman Sachs.
“The 3-year economic innovation plan recently announced by the Korean government focuses on expanding an additional 1.5 million jobs for women,” the minister said. “In reality, there is no easy, one-size-fits-all solution to balancing work and family. As such, it is important to offer the broadest range of opportunities and support possible.”
With a goal of reaching 70 percent employment before the end of her term, President Park Geun-hye has emphasized increasing female employment from the current 53.5 percent to 61.9 percent by 2017. According to Cho, 155,000 jobs for women were created last year, and for the administration to reach the goal of increasing female employment rate to 61.9 percent, a total of 1.65 million jobs must be added.
“This year, we have to create 290,000 jobs [for women],” Cho said. “This is quite challenging.”
Unlike other developed countries like Sweden, Denmark and the United Kingdom, figures show that labor discontinuity is more severe for Korean women, especially those in their 30s and 40s, meaning it is difficult for them to return to work after marriage, giving birth and raising a child.
According to figures by the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, the employment rate of women aged 15 to 19 is 7.9 percent, which is higher than for men (5.9 percent) in that age group. Even for women aged 20 to 24, the employment rate is higher at 47.5 percent compared 38.1 percent for men. However, the figures are the opposite for men and women in their 30s and older. For example, the employment rate of men aged 30 to 34 is 88.4 percent, which is much higher than the rate for women (56.7 percent).
“What our ministry and other ministries in the Korean government are doing to solve these problems is to enhance the retention rate of women by focusing on three elements - child care facilities, a flexible work system, and child care leave,” Cho said. “All three are related to the family-friendly culture of the company and incentives and systems that help work-life balance for employees.”
Cho added that creating a family-friendly culture, which in the end creates a better working environment for female employees, should be done from a top-down approach rather than a bottom-up approach.
“Rather than the bottom-up, the top-down is far more efficient,” she said, noting that changing the mind-set of company chief executives is important.
“Certifying companies that are engaged in family-friendly management is important,” Cho said.
She gave the example of SK Innovation, which is one of the companies that is certified as a family-friendly company by her ministry.
“SK Innovation [Vice Chairman and CEO] Koo Ja-young, he’s a champion in family-friendly management,” she said.
“I asked him why he believes in family-friendly management and he said, ‘All of large companies in Korea have done everything to improve their capability and increase outcome. There are very few things left that they can try.’?”
Meanwhile, along with Cho, the co-hosts invited Kathy Matsui, co-head of Macro Research in Asia at Goldman Sachs, to share her thoughts on so-called womenomics, an economic theory that she developed in 1999 referring to a concept that increasing female participation and preventing career discontinuity drive economic growth.
She personally gained interest in this field when she saw Japan facing a shrinking work force and a huge debt level around that time and thought of the importance of maximizing the number of women in the female work force by minimizing the discontinuity of their careers. Matsui proposed several measures to boost female participation: private and public sector expansion of affordable day care, nursing care facilities and services through deregulation and implementing immigration reforms to allow working women to outsource their responsibilities for child care and household chores.
“As for Korea, it has a vast pool of highly educated women,” she said. “This suggests the Korean government and private sector companies will gain an enormous competitive edge if more women join the work force.”
BY LEE EUN-JOO [email@example.com]
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