The ‘hydrogen economy’ is our big hope: Moon
On Thursday, the government laid out a roadmap to making hydrogen-related technologies a key new growth engine for Korea.
The government wants to boost the hydrogen economy, which is currently valued at 1 trillion won ($890 million), to 16 trillion won in 2022, 25 trillion won by 2030 and 43 trillion won by 2040. Jobs in the industry are supposed to grow from the current 10,000 to 100,000 in 2022 and 200,000 in 2030.
At an event in Ulsan attended by President Moon Jae-in, Trade, Industry and Energy Minister Sung Yun-mo and the Hyundai Motor Group heir apparent and vice chairman, Chung Eui-sun, the government described plans to raise the sales of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (or FCEVs) to 810,000 units in total by 2022. That figure includes 670,000 sold in the local market and 14,000 units exported. This year alone, the government is hoping for more than 4,000 FCEV unit sales.
The ultimate goal is to sell a total of 6.2 million units, with exports exceeding 3.3 million units. Last year, Korea sold a total of 1,800 units, half of which were exported.
The government said its 6.2 million vehicle sales goal by 2040 isn’t a huge stretch considering that FCEVs are a major global trend with China and California both raising their targets for hydrogen fueled vehicles on their road to 1 million. Japan has raised its target to 800,000 and Germany to 1.8 million by 2030.
The government also promised expansion of infrastructure for FCEVs, which has been one of the biggest obstacles to demand picking up.
Today, there are only 14 FCEV charging stations in Korea. The government’s goal is to increase that figure to 310 by 2022 and 1,200 by 2040.
One way to lower the cost of setting up charging station, it said, would be to upgrade existing LPG charging stations to also offer hydrogen fuels.
Cost is another problem. FCEVs retail for between 60 million won and 70 million won. The average midsized gasoline-based vehicle retails for between 30 million and 40 million won.
The government said that when all core parts of the vehicles are developed by Korean companies by 2022, prices will drop.
When annual production of hydrogen fueled vehicles reaches 100,000 by 2025, sticker prices may fall to around 30 million won.
One of the first steps that the government is taking is operating 35 hydrogen-fueled buses this year. It plans to raise that number to 40,000 by 2040.
By 2040, 80,000 taxis will be FCEVs and 30,000 trucks will be FCEV including dump trucks and road cleaning trucks. The trucks will be introduced in 2021.
The government will be also supplying hydrogen as an energy source for homes and commercial buildings. It hopes to produce 15 gigawatts of power through hydrogen by 2040, and eight gigawatt will be allocated for domestic use.
The government estimates that a boosting of the infrastructure will lower the price of hydrogen fuel.
By raising the hydrogen fuel supply from last year’s 130,000 tons to 470,000 a year in 2022 and 5.26 million tons a year by 2040, the hydrogen price will be lowered to 3,000 won per kilogram by 2040, half of the 6,000 won per kilogram price in 2022.
The government expects the unit price of hydrogen fuel to go down from 8,000 won per kilogram to as much as 3,000 won by 2040.
“I want to say the hydrogen economy is the new hope for the Ulsan economy and a challenge for the Korean economy,” Moon said. “Ulsan is a city that never sleeps.”
“Korea’s industrialization history started the moment the first shovel hit the ground to create the Ulsan-Mipo Industrial Complex in 1962,” the president added.
“When the automotive, shipbuilding and petrochemical plants in Ulsan ran continuously without break, our economy boomed.”
He said that is why he chose Ulsan as the first region in his nationwide economic tour of this year.
Moon called the hydrogen economy a new innovative change.
“It will create new industries in all areas from production, storage and logistics while contributing to jobs,” Moon said.
“Securing the lead in the global market where the [global] hydrogen economy is just starting is important,” Moon said. “Already, many countries are competing to take the lead.”
He said Korea has a lot of potential to comb hydrogen technologies with conventional industries including automotives, ships and petrochemicals.
Moon praised Hyundai Motor’s achievements including the world’s first commercialization of hydrogen fueled vehicles and a FCEV that can travel 600 kilometers (372 miles) on a single charge.
“Our hydrogen fueled vehicle owns 50 percent of the global market share,” he said.
The president said the government’s goal is to make Korea the No. 1 country not only in hydrogen-fueled vehicles but also on hydrogen fuel batteries by 2030.
“And Ulsan is at the center [of our goal of becoming No. 1],” Moon said.
The president said the hydrogen economy isn’t only about finding a new growth engine.
“Currently, we rely on imports for 95 percent of our energy,” Moon said. “We’re an energy-poor country.”
He said the hydrogen economy will not only provide stable growth but also strengthen the nation’s energy security.
“Our people become strong when faced with crisis,” Moon said. “We achieved industrialization from the ruins of the [Korean War], and when we felt [the global] oil shock, we turned it into opportunity. During the [late 1990s] financial crisis and the  global financial meltdown, we overcame challenges with ICT industries and expanding our core export goods.”
“The hydrogen economy will once again open an opportunity for us,” he said.
Trade Minister Sung said the government will foster the hydrogen economy and help create jobs for related small- and medium-sized part suppliers.
Hyundai Motor Group became the first company in the world to commercialize an FCEV with its Tucson ix.
Last year, it released the Nexo, which can travel 609 kilometers on a single charge that takes only five minutes.
Korea’s largest automotive company is leading in hydrogen fuel cell production after it broke ground on a plant last December that will manufacture a hydrogen fuel cell stack developed by its automotive parts affiliate Hyundai Mobis.
Once the factory is complete in 2022, it will produce 40,000 hydrogen fuel cell stacks a year, which is 13 times more than its current production capacity.
During the groundbreaking ceremony, Vice Chairman Chung laid out a 2030 vision in which Hyundai Motor will be producing annually 500,000 units of FCEVs and 700,000 hydrogen fuel cells.
During a meeting with Moon at the Blue House earlier this week, Chung said his company will be investing 5 trillion won over the next four years in EVs and FCEVs.
BY LEE HO-JEONG [firstname.lastname@example.org]
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