Women delaying motherhood
Government data showed Wednesday that 48.3 out of 1,000 women between 35 and 39 gave birth last year, up 11.8 percent from last year. The figure rose about 260 percent compared to 18.7 in 2005 as Korea’s society aged.
“It appears that more people in their 30s have babies, while the number for those in their 20s drops compared to the past,” said Lee Jee-yeon, a director at the government agency Statistics Korea. “The number of women aged over 35 years giving birth accounted for 23.9 percent of the figure for total babies last year.”
In fact, 113.8 out of 1,000 Korean women ages 30 and 34 had babies last year, a 2.5 percent rise compared to the previous year and a jump of nearly 40 percent from 10 years ago.
The national government spent 151 trillion won ($134 billion) in the past decade to boost the low fertility rates and address the problem of Korea’s aging society. However, the fertility rate for women ages 20 to 24 fell 4.6 percent year-on-year and 0.5 percent for women ages 25 to 29 during the same period.
The average age for new moms last year rose 0.2 years compared to the previous year to an all-time high of 32.2. The average age was highest in Seoul, 32.9 years, and was lowest in South Chungcheong at 31.4.
It took an average of 1.83 years on average for Korean couples to have their first babies after marriage, the government said. It was 4.5 years for the second child and 7.44 years for the third one.
Couples living in Seoul took the longest time to have babies in Korea last year. It took Seoulites two years of marriage to have their first child, while South Jeolla moms gave birth in 1.6 years.
A total of 438,400 babies were born in 2015, up 0.7 percent, or 3,000, from the previous year. For every 100 girls born last year, there were 105.3 boys.
Among newborns last year, there were 16,166 twins or triplets. The figure for twins and triplets accounted for 3.7 percent of the total babies, and the figure rose 0.2 percentage points year-on-year and rose 280 percent compared to 1995.
The number of newborns was highest in Gyeonggi (113,500), Seoul (83,000) and South Gyeongsang (29,500). The birth rate in the nation’s administrative city of Sejong and nearby regions rose significantly, up 101.5 percent year-on-year in Sejong, 2.5 percent in Gangwon and 2.2 percent in South Chungcheong.
Korea’s total fertility rate, or the average number of babies a woman is expected to have in her lifetime, was 1.24. Korea’s rate was the second lowest among 34 OECD countries, after Israel, according to the government. Portugal was the only country in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to have fewer babies than Korea. The average rate for the OECD was 1.68.
BY KIM YOUNG-NAM [firstname.lastname@example.org]