How much difference does a new ball make?

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How much difference does a new ball make?

In a Korea Baseball Organization (KBO) regular season game against the KT Wiz on April 12 at Daegu Samsung Lions Park in Daegu, Samsung Lions’ All-Star outfielder Koo Ja-wook launched a deep fly ball to straightaway center.


A photo of the KBO baseball for the 2019 season. [ILGAN SPORTS]

As Koo ran out of the batter’s box, the ball seemed to be on its way over the wall, 122.5 meters (401.9 feet) away from the plate. And about halfway to second base, Koo raised his right arm in celebration of what he thought was a home run.

KT’s center fielder, Mel Rojas Jr., had other ideas. Unbeknownst to Koo, Rojas made a leaping catch at the wall. Koo, who by now had broken into his home run trot, didn’t learn of his fate until after making the turn at third base. Once his third base coach, Choi Tae-won, told him what had happened, Koo hung his head and covered his face with his hands in embarrassment as he trudged back to the dugout.

There are two lessons to be learned from this play. One, never prematurely celebrate a home run, because you’re only tempting the baseball gods. And two, remember that the KBO’s new ball doesn’t fly quite as far as the previous ones.

Welcome to the new KBO, version 2019, where would-be home-run balls get caught at the fence or fall short on the warning track.

Since the start of the new season on March 23, offensive numbers have taken a dip across the board compared with the same period a year ago.

Through May 5, 178 games have been played in the league, and 277 home runs have been hit by the 10 clubs so far, with 1,746 runs scored. They’re slugging at a .396 clip.

At roughly the same point last year, with 175 games in the books through May 5, the teams had hit 404 homers and scored 1,838 runs, with a slugging percentage of .442.

Last year, a record five KBO sluggers surpassed the 40-homer plateau, and the teams combined for 1,756 home runs, surpassing the single-season record by more than 200. On May 5 last year, seven hitters had reached double figures in home runs, led by 15 from SK Wyvern’s Choi Jeong.

This year, Yang Eui-ji of the NC Dinos is the league leader in home runs with eight, followed by six hitters with seven apiece. No one is on pace to reach 40 home runs in 2019.

So why has there been such a precipitous decrease in power numbers? Have these hitters suddenly gone bad?

About a month and a half into the season, the new official ball has been cited by several players and coaches as the main culprit for the drop in offensive production. The new ball is heavier and larger with a smaller coefficient of restitution (COR), or the ratio of the ball’s relative speed after collision with the bat to its relative speed before collision. In layman’s terms, the lower COR means less bounce off the bat.

Up until last year, the KBO’s ball was allowed to have COR figures between .4134 and .4374. In Japan’s Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB), the range is between .4034 and .4234. It’s even lower for the ball in Major League Baseball (MLB), with a range between .3860 and .4005.

For 2019, the KBO lowered its ball’s COR numbers to match those in NPB.

Though they aren’t able to offer scientific data to prove the new ball’s impact on the downturn in offense, hitters say they can feel the ball doesn’t jump off the barrel of the bat the way previous balls did. Managers and coaches claim a lot of balls that they felt would have left the park in the past have died on the warning track this year.

If that’s indeed the case, then the KBO’s decision to adopt the new ball is having its desired effect.

There were several reasons for the switch. With teams piling up runs, the games were dragging on, and the KBO wanted to speed up games and hold the explosive offense in check.

Also, the league wanted to better prepare its hitters for international competitions, where balls have similar COR figures to those used in MLB and NPB. Sluggers who routinely belted out 30 or more home runs in the KBO have struggled to go deep in recent international events where balls were less lively off the bat. Korea, once the darling of international baseball with its deep runs at the two first editions of the World Baseball Classic (WBC) in 2006 and 2009, hasn’t made it out of the preliminary round in the past two editions, in 2013 and 2017. The WBC is operated by MLB, and the tournament’s ball is made to the exact specifications of the one in the big leagues. So why not make these hitters face a similar type of ball over a 144-game season in the domestic league?

Whether this will pay off in the long run internationally remains to be seen. For now, players and the coaches alike are still trying to come to grips with this change.

“Obviously, Rojas made a great catch, but I think a ball hit that hard last year would have cleared the fence easily,” Lions’ manager Kim Han-soo told reporters about Koo’s loud flyout. “I think balls are clearly not traveling as far as before.”

Jang Jung-suk, skipper for the Kiwoom Heroes, said he has heard his players say the ball doesn’t go nearly as far. He said the switch will separate the cream of the slugging crop from the rest of the bunch.

“The true power hitters will still keep driving balls over the fence, and I think other players will struggle more,” Jang told reporters. “But all 10 teams are playing with the same ball, so we’ll just have to keep playing the game the same way.”

Among players, Lotte Giants’ outfielder Son Ah-seop said the new ball sounds and feels different coming off the bat.

“Until last year, you heard the loud thwack at contact, but the sound is somewhat duller this year,” Son said.

But there are those who refuse to blame the decrease in offensive production on the new ball.

“I think it’s been due to cold weather, not the COR of the new ball,” said Chae Eun-seong of the LG Twins, who set a career high with 25 home runs in 2018 but is stuck at two this season. “Hitters have had a hard time getting into a groove because it was too cold early in the season.”

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