Kim Jong-un makes diplomatic debut in Beijing
It was Kim’s first known trip outside North Korea since he took power in December 2011 following his father’s death, and his first meeting with another government leader.
Rumors spread quickly Tuesday that either he or another high-level official from Pyongyang was in Beijing for talks with Xi, though neither the North Korean, Chinese or South Korean government gave any confirmation.
Photos uploaded online showed a vintage dark green North Korean train similar to the armored vehicle used by former North Korean leaders arriving in the Chinese capital.
Confirmation that Kim was in Beijing came only after he crossed back into North Korea on Wednesday morning. North Korea’s state-run Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said Kim, 34, departed the North on Sunday and arrived in Beijing on Monday.
Upon his arrival, Kim met with Xi in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, where they “exchanged views on important matters including the development of DPRK-China friendly relations and the issue of handling the situation on the Korean Peninsula,” according to an English report from KCNA, using the acronym for North Korea’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
On denuclearization, Kim was quoted by China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency as saying it was his “consistent stand to be committed to denuclearization on the peninsula, in accordance with the will” of his father, Kim Jong-il, and grandfather, Kim Il Sung, who founded North Korea.
The issue of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula can be “resolved” if South Korea and the United States “respond to our efforts with goodwill, create an atmosphere of peace and stability while taking progressive and synchronous measures for the realization of peace,” Kim said, continuing that he hoped to enhance “strategic communication” with Beijing during the process.
Kim reportedly said he was determined to transform South-North relations into a “relationship of reconciliation and cooperation,” and hold a summit with South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in. The North is also “willing” to have dialogue with the United States, he added, and hold a summit with U.S. President Donald Trump.
Neither KCNA nor Xinhua specified Kim’s definition of denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula, but North Korea watchers have long argued that Pyongyang’s meaning of the term would require Washington’s nuclear umbrella over South Korea and Japan to be removed and American soldiers stationed in the South withdrawn before it could consider giving up its nuclear arsenal.
Many have warned of the danger of any U.S. withdrawal. South Korea’s Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon, who oversees relations with the North, told the National Assembly last October that North Korea’s ultimate goal for developing nuclear weapons was survival - and to reunify the Korean Peninsula under North Korean rule. For that to work, analysts say North Korea would use its intercontinental ballistic missiles to deter the Untied States from coming to the aid of the South if it was attacked.
Regarding Beijing-Pyongyang relations, Xi reportedly proposed to Kim that their countries exchange high-level visits, boost “strategic communication” for the sharing of in-depth views on major issues and enhance people-to-people exchanges.
Kim invited Xi to visit North Korea at the Chinese leader’s convenience, an offer Xi accepted.
Kim’s delegation included his wife, Ri Sol-ju; Choe Ryong-hae, vice chairman of the Central Committee of the ruling Workers’ Party and director of the Organization and Guidance Department; Pak Kwang-ho, vice chairman of the Central Committee and director of the Propaganda and Agitation Department; Ri Su-yong, vice chairman of the Central Committee and director of the International Department; Kim Yong-chol, vice chairman of the Central Committee and director of the United Front Department; and Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho.
Kim’s visit to Beijing came shortly before he is expected to hold his first summit with Moon in late April, the third meeting of its kind between two Korean leaders, and a first-ever summit with the United States afterward, although the dates for both meetings have yet to be determined.
Local pundits speculate Xi’s invitation to Kim was a reflection of China’s anxiety that it was bypassed in the recent flurry of diplomatic overtures among Seoul, Pyongyang and Washington, and that it perceived its grip over Northeast Asia affairs eroding. For North Korea, the regime would need Beijing’s backing to ease sanctions against the regime, and support from Xi was critical in building its negotiation power with the United States for when Kim meets Trump.
China is North Korea’s strongest economic and military ally, but their relationship cooled after Beijing complied with global efforts last year to restrict trade with North Korea.
“Watching the Donald Trump White House recently reshuffling the president’s national security team to add more hard-liners on North Korea policy,” said Kim Han-kwon, a professor of Asian and Pacific studies at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy, “North Korea might have thought it can’t achieve what it wants in the upcoming summit, so it’s trying to restore China-North Korea relations to a certain level in order to maximize its gains.”
On top of that, the professor continued, Kim Jong-un may have sought practical tips from Xi before entering denuclearization talks with the United States.
Noh Kyu-duk, South Korea’s Foreign Ministry spokesman, said in a statement Wednesday that Seoul “welcomed” Kim’s meeting with Xi and that it hopes the visit will contribute to the denuclearization and establishment of peace on the Korean Peninsula.
BY LEE SUNG-EUN, YOO JEE-HYE [firstname.lastname@example.org]