Businesses borrow record amounts just to stay afloat
Shuttered stores are an all too common sight around Seoul as business owners reach the end of the line squeezed between the lack of customers and fixed expenses.
The struggles are evident in a Bank of Korea release issued Wednesday showing that businesses are borrowing at record rates, many simply taking out loans to fund operating expenses in order to stay afloat as the pandemic takes its toll.
In the second quarter, businesses in Korea borrowed a total of 69.1 trillion won ($58.2 billion), a quarterly record, bringing their loans outstanding to 1,328.2 trillion won.
That is up from the previous record of 51.4 trillion won in the first quarter and a 14.2 percent increase on year, a record change. The previous record was a 10.4 percent year-on-year increase recorded in the first quarter of the year.
Service businesses, a category which includes travel companies, restaurants and other small establishments, took out most of the loans, at 47.2 trillion won. That is up from 34 trillion won in the first quarter. Total loans outstanding for service companies hit 823.2 trillion won in the second quarter of 2020.
These businesses have suffered greatly as the pandemic and social distancing measures have resulted in a drop in retail foot traffic, travel and entertainment.
The wholesales, retail, food and lodging category, which has a high ratio of self-employed businesses, borrowed 18.8 trillion won in the second quarter, an all-time record.
That's a 17 percent increase year-on-year from the 16.1 trillion won borrowed a year earlier.
Manufacturing, which has 29 percent of the total business loans outstanding in the country, borrowed 17.2 trillion won in the second quarter, a 9.6 percent increase.
“It seems there has been an increase in loans used for working capital as businesses struggle from Covid-19,” said Song Jae-chang, head of the financial statistics team at the central bank.
Working capital is money that is used to cover day-to-day operating expenses and other short-term obligations.
Of the manufacturing loans made in the second quarter, 75 percent went toward working capital. This suggest that that many of the businesses are borrowing just to keep their business running.
Borrowings for facility investment, which includes buying new equipment or machinery or real estate for business purposes, came to 17.1 trillion won.
The central bank official added that the government's encouragement of borrowing may have contributed to the increase in business loans.
Easy money has also encouraged businesses to take out loans. In March, the central bank lowered the nation’s key interest rate from 1.25 percent to 0.75 percent. It was further reduced to 0.5 percent as the pandemic kicked in.
Korea is already in a technical recession as growth has declined for two consecutive quarters. In the second quarter, GDP fell 3.2 percent, the sharpest fall since the fourth quarter of 2008.
The situation could get worse as the government has implemented tougher social distancing standards since the virus made a comeback in the middle of August.
BY LEE HO-JEONG [firstname.lastname@example.org]