With women, twice the power
The Chinese Foreign Ministry appointed Fu Ying - a woman of Mongolian decent who was a former ambassador to the United Kingdom - as a vice foreign minister at the beginning of the year. Fu Ying’s appointment was a rarity in Chinese politics.
Until 1966, before the Cultural Revolution began, the highest position a Chinese female diplomat attained was the rank of deputy minister. Zhang Hanzhi, the wife of the fourth Foreign Minister Qiao Guanhua, got this position. Former Prime Minister Zhou Enlai praised her, saying, “No one can replace her.”
The first female vice foreign minister was Wang Hairong, who took office in July 1974 during the Cultural Revolution. However, she was a grandniece of Mao Zedong and thus she got promoted through favoritism. Mao Zedong often appointed his staff members based on favoritism and patronage especially during the Cultural Revolution. He appointed his wife, Jiang Qing, as one of the highest-ranked members of the Central Committee, the highest leading body of the Chinese Communist Party. Mao Yuanxin, a cousin of Mao Zedong, rose from the ranks to become party secretary of Liaoning Province and political commissar of the Shenyang Military Region in 1974.
Women are put in such shamefully low positions in the Communist Party’s hierarchy. Sun Chunlan was promoted to party secretary of the southeastern province of Fujian. She is the only female provincial party secretary out of China’s 31 provinces. Hu Yaobang, the most reform-minded member of the post-Mao leadership, was the first person to appoint a female as the general secretary of the local Communist Party committee. He picked Wan Shaofen to work in Jiangxi Province as party secretary in 1985. She was the first female party secretary since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Females in the central government are few and far between. There are very few female officers beyond the head of the Ministry of Supervision, Ma Wen, and the Minister of National Population and Family Planning Commission, Dr. Li Bin.
We are not in a position to laugh at China. Park Geun-hye, former Grand National Party chairperson, stands out from the crowd because of her gender. Politicians trapped in the Sejong City dilemma are desperately waiting to hear from her.
China is beginning to call for women to “rise to their feet,” and are trying to encourage the success of women in society. Both in China and in Korea, if women are fully empowered, we will see a twofold increase in national power.
*The writer is the chief of an investigative reporting team of the JoongAng Ilbo.
By Jin Se-keun