Elemental sauces that will knock your socks off
To learn how to make and store these essentials of Korean cuisine, we headed to Sunchang in North Jeolla, which is known for the high quality of its jang.
“You have to add saltwater after you place a thin, cotton cloth on top of the basket so that you can separate the residue from the saltwater,” Oh Sun-yi, 74, said, while pouring saltwater into large, brown clay pots known as onggi at her home in Sunchang. Inside the pots, there were gold and brown blocks of fermented soybean cakes stacked one on top of another, with pieces of bamboo placed on top to weigh them down.
She was in the middle of making soy sauce, one of the kinds of jang made in the first month of the year.
According to Shin Dong-hwa, an honorary professor at Chonbuk National University who has long studied soybean fermentation, Oh is “one of the few people who still follows the traditional method of making jang.”
After she added the saltwater, Oh lined the top of the pot with straw ropes, through which she had woven pieces of charcoal and red pepper. In the past, the color red was believed to ward off demons and misfortune.
“I place the red peppers in the pots for the same reason,” Oh said. “It is also good for the jang to soak up the spicy taste of the red peppers.”
The final step is to cover the top with traditional Korean paper, hanji, which Oh had cut into a shape resembling the traditional Korean socks called beoseon. According to the old customs, the added layer also helps keep away demons.
“It was believed that when the sock-shaped cover was placed over the pot, ghosts or evil spirits would get stuck on the pointy tips of the socks,” Oh said.
“The process of making soy sauce is quite simple and straightforward,” Oh said. “You stack the blocks of meju in a pot and pour saltwater on top - that’s it.”
However, preparing the ingredients for the jang is a more difficult, and more important, task than the fermentation process, Oh says.
“For tasty soy sauce, the general rule of thumb is that the meju, the principal ingredient, must taste good. And to get that delicious taste, the beans [used to make it] must be flavorful and the salt should be prepared early on,” she said.
“Once all of the preparations are finished, the rest is left to Mother Nature - the sunlight and the wind - to do the work of fermenting the soy sauce and give it its taste.”
By Seo Jung-min [firstname.lastname@example.org]