Salzburg Festival celebrates 90 years
“Where God and Man Collide” is the magniloquent motto for the month-long series of concerts, operas and plays, where tickets cost up to 370 euros ($470).
This year’s theme is “myths,” and the list of operatic premieres includes new productions of Richard Strauss’s “Elektra”, Gluck’s “Orfeo ed Euridice” and a brand-new work by German composer Wolfgang Rihm, “Dionysos”.
Mythology also features among the spoken-theatre productions, including Sophocles’ “Oedipus at Colonus” in a new translation by German director Peter Stein and “Phedre” by Jean Racine.
Salzburg traditionally opens with the play “Everyman” by the festival’s cofounder, Austrian poet and dramatist Hugo von Hofmannsthal.
It has always been a swish affair since Hofmannsthal founded it in 1920 with theater director Max Reinhardt, composer Richard Strauss, set designer Alfred Roller and opera conductor Franz Schalk.
But legendary conductor, Salzburg’s own Herbert von Karajan, helped turn it into the world’s most exclusive summer festival, imposing sky-high ticket prices.
Karajan was Salzburg’s autocratic ruler from 1960 until his death in 1989. But in the later years of his tenure, he was blamed for the festival’s artistic stagnation, reputedly refusing rival conductors to perform and focussing on a narrow core of classical and romantic repertoire.
The aim of Belgian impresario Gerard Mortier, who took over after Karajan’s death, was to create a “New Salzburg” with broader and more modern repertoire in unconventional and even provocative stagings.
Following a five-year stint with German composer Peter Ruzicka at the helm, the current chief Juergen Flimm took over in 2006.
But he is quitting after this year’s proceedings and will be succeeded by Austrian-born Alexander Pereira, who is currently head of the Zurich opera house.
Among this year’s new productions, “Elektra” is being staged by German director Nikolaus Lehnhoff with Italian maestro Daniele Gatti in the pit.
The festival runs from July 25 until Aug. 30.